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Bugs and coal: processing fuels with biotechnology

Journal Article:

Abstract

Bioprocessing of coal is developing along several fronts, each of potential significance to utilities. Researchers have found a fungus, polyporous versicolor, which can liquefy certain kinds of coal and scientists have genetically engineered bacteria that remove sulfur and ash-forming metal impurities from coal. Research programs are being undertaken to find organisms that will convert lignite into gaseous methane to produce gaseous fuel more economically than the current coal gasification methods. Researchers looking for ways to remove sulfur from coal before it is burned are evaluating the use of a bacterium called thiobacillus ferroxidans to enhance the physical removal of pyrite. 2 refs.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1987
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
CLA-87-000002; EDB-87-167103
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: EPRI J.; (United States); Journal Volume: 12:4
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL; BIOCONVERSION; DEASHING; DESULFURIZATION; MICROORGANISMS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; ASHES; BACTERIA; BIOTECHNOLOGY; BROWN COAL; COAL GASIFICATION; COAL LIQUEFACTION; FUNGI; GENETIC ENGINEERING; LIGNITE; METHANE; POLYPORUS VERSICOLOR; PROCESSING; PYRITE; THIOBACILLUS FERROXIDANS; ALKANES; BACILLUS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GASIFICATION; HYDROCARBONS; IRON COMPOUNDS; IRON SULFIDES; LIQUEFACTION; MATERIALS; MINERALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; RESIDUES; SULFIDE MINERALS; SULFIDES; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR-OXIDIZING BACTERIA; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; 010402* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Purification & Upgrading; 010404 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Gasification; 010405 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Hydrogenation & Liquefaction
OSTI ID:
5949103
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: EPRJD
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
Pages: 28-35
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Shepard, M. Bugs and coal: processing fuels with biotechnology. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Shepard, M. Bugs and coal: processing fuels with biotechnology. United States.
Shepard, M. 1987. "Bugs and coal: processing fuels with biotechnology." United States.
@misc{etde_5949103,
title = {Bugs and coal: processing fuels with biotechnology}
author = {Shepard, M}
abstractNote = {Bioprocessing of coal is developing along several fronts, each of potential significance to utilities. Researchers have found a fungus, polyporous versicolor, which can liquefy certain kinds of coal and scientists have genetically engineered bacteria that remove sulfur and ash-forming metal impurities from coal. Research programs are being undertaken to find organisms that will convert lignite into gaseous methane to produce gaseous fuel more economically than the current coal gasification methods. Researchers looking for ways to remove sulfur from coal before it is burned are evaluating the use of a bacterium called thiobacillus ferroxidans to enhance the physical removal of pyrite. 2 refs.}
journal = {EPRI J.; (United States)}
volume = {12:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {1987}
month = {Jun}
}