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Poland - seaborne bulk trade hampered by rising transport costs

Journal Article:

Abstract

The article considers trade development in major dry bulk commodities, coal, cement, iron ore and grains. Aspects covered for coal are production and exports. All coal mines in Poland are state owned. Coal production has fallen from an annual output in excess of 190 mta in the late 1980s, to under 150 mt in 1990. Output for 1991 is forecast at around 142 mt. Exports have also declined from 36 mtce in the late 1980s to an estimated 20 mt in 1991. Various factors are cited for the changing fortunes of Poland's coal industry but the most significant is the introduction of market forces to a previously centrally planned economy. Topics discussed for coal include: restructuring the coal industry for privatisation; eliminating subsidies; and export destinations. 5 tabs., 6 photos.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1991
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
CLA-92-040117; EDB-92-045316
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Bulk Journal; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 11:12
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL; EXPORTS; PRODUCTION; POLAND; COAL INDUSTRY; CEMENTS; CEREALS; ECONOMIC POLICY; IRON ORES; BUILDING MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ENERGY SOURCES; EUROPE; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; GRAMINEAE; INDUSTRY; LILIOPSIDA; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MATERIALS; ORES; PLANTS; TRADE; 010000* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat; 015000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Economic, Industrial, & Business Aspects
OSTI ID:
5856618
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0260-1087; CODEN: IBJOE
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
Pages: 4,6-7,9-11,13
Announcement Date:
Apr 15, 1992

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Beechener, J. Poland - seaborne bulk trade hampered by rising transport costs. United Kingdom: N. p., 1991. Web.
Beechener, J. Poland - seaborne bulk trade hampered by rising transport costs. United Kingdom.
Beechener, J. 1991. "Poland - seaborne bulk trade hampered by rising transport costs." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_5856618,
title = {Poland - seaborne bulk trade hampered by rising transport costs}
author = {Beechener, J}
abstractNote = {The article considers trade development in major dry bulk commodities, coal, cement, iron ore and grains. Aspects covered for coal are production and exports. All coal mines in Poland are state owned. Coal production has fallen from an annual output in excess of 190 mta in the late 1980s, to under 150 mt in 1990. Output for 1991 is forecast at around 142 mt. Exports have also declined from 36 mtce in the late 1980s to an estimated 20 mt in 1991. Various factors are cited for the changing fortunes of Poland's coal industry but the most significant is the introduction of market forces to a previously centrally planned economy. Topics discussed for coal include: restructuring the coal industry for privatisation; eliminating subsidies; and export destinations. 5 tabs., 6 photos.}
journal = {International Bulk Journal; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {11:12}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1991}
month = {Dec}
}