The evolution of a stellar core is studied during its final quasi-hydrostatic contraction. The core structure and the (poorly known) properties of neutron rich matter are parametrized to include most plausible cases. It is found that the density-temperature trajectory of the material in the central part of the core (the core-center) is insensitive to nearly all reasonable parameter variations. The central density at the onset of the dynamic phase of the collapse (when the core-center begins to fall away from the rest of the star) and the fraction of the emitted neutrinos which are trapped in the collapsing core-center depend quite sensitively on the properties of neutron rich matter. We estimate that the amount of energy Ecm which is imparted to the core-mantle by the neutrinos which escape from the imploded core-center can span a large range of values. For plausible choices of nuclear and model parameters Ecm can be large enough to yield a supernova event.
Epstein, R J;  Noorgaard, H;  Chicago Univ., IL (USA). Enrico Fermi Inst.); Bond, J R;  California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (USA). W.K. Kellogg Radiation Lab.)
- Nordisk Inst. for Teoretisk Atomfysik, Copenhagen (Denmark)
- Niels Bohr Institutet, Copenhagen (Denmark)