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Air pollution effects in forest ecosystems in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beeinflussung der Vegetation von Wald-Oekosystemen durch Ballungsraeume am Beispiel des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg

Miscellaneous:

Abstract

Since 1984 the Landesanstalt fuer Umweltschutz Baden-Wuerttemberg has established a statewide system of 60 permanent research plots for biomonitoring long term effects of air pollution on relatively undisturbed forest ecosystems. Among general vegetational analyses the vitality of plants in the herbaceous layer and the canopy is assessed. Special attention is paid to lichens as well as to Galium odoratum, Vaccinium myrtillus and beech (Fagus sylvatica). In addition leaves of beech and fir (Abies alba) are analysed for contents of lead and cadmium. The results show that there are two types of more strongly affected plots: Some are exposed to higher levels of air pollution and consequently show severe pollution effects even though the environment conditions may be favourable for forests. Others are so sensitive that effects occur inspite of lower levels of pollution. In these cases the balance is apparently more easily disturbed because of acidic soils and less favourable climate. (orig.).
Authors:
Umlauff-Zimmermann, R; Murmann-Kristen, L; Zimmermann, R D [1] 
  1. Landesanstalt fuer Umweltschutz Baden-Wuerttemberg, Karlsruhe (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Oekologie und Naturschutz
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1989
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
CONF-8809503-
Reference Number:
DE-90-009341; EDB-90-160477
Resource Relation:
Conference: 18. annual meeting of Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie, 18. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie (GfOe), Essen (Germany), 25-30 Sep 1988; Related Information: In: Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie. Proceedings. Vol. 18. Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie. Verhandlungen. Bd. 18, by Kuttler, W. (ed.), 920 p
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; FORESTS; MONITORING; SOILS; ACIDIFICATION; AIR POLLUTION; ECOSYSTEMS; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; EUROPE; POLLUTION; 560300* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology
OSTI ID:
5747706
Research Organizations:
Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie, Goettingen (Germany, F.R.)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Availability:
Available from Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie, Goettingen (Germany, F.R.)
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
Pages: 461-467; (920 p)
Announcement Date:

Miscellaneous:

Citation Formats

Umlauff-Zimmermann, R, Murmann-Kristen, L, and Zimmermann, R D. Air pollution effects in forest ecosystems in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beeinflussung der Vegetation von Wald-Oekosystemen durch Ballungsraeume am Beispiel des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg. Germany: N. p., 1989. Web.
Umlauff-Zimmermann, R, Murmann-Kristen, L, & Zimmermann, R D. Air pollution effects in forest ecosystems in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beeinflussung der Vegetation von Wald-Oekosystemen durch Ballungsraeume am Beispiel des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg. Germany.
Umlauff-Zimmermann, R, Murmann-Kristen, L, and Zimmermann, R D. 1989. "Air pollution effects in forest ecosystems in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beeinflussung der Vegetation von Wald-Oekosystemen durch Ballungsraeume am Beispiel des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg." Germany.
@misc{etde_5747706,
title = {Air pollution effects in forest ecosystems in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beeinflussung der Vegetation von Wald-Oekosystemen durch Ballungsraeume am Beispiel des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg}
author = {Umlauff-Zimmermann, R, Murmann-Kristen, L, and Zimmermann, R D}
abstractNote = {Since 1984 the Landesanstalt fuer Umweltschutz Baden-Wuerttemberg has established a statewide system of 60 permanent research plots for biomonitoring long term effects of air pollution on relatively undisturbed forest ecosystems. Among general vegetational analyses the vitality of plants in the herbaceous layer and the canopy is assessed. Special attention is paid to lichens as well as to Galium odoratum, Vaccinium myrtillus and beech (Fagus sylvatica). In addition leaves of beech and fir (Abies alba) are analysed for contents of lead and cadmium. The results show that there are two types of more strongly affected plots: Some are exposed to higher levels of air pollution and consequently show severe pollution effects even though the environment conditions may be favourable for forests. Others are so sensitive that effects occur inspite of lower levels of pollution. In these cases the balance is apparently more easily disturbed because of acidic soils and less favourable climate. (orig.).}
place = {Germany}
year = {1989}
month = {Jan}
}