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Derived intervention levels in early stage of nuclear accident development

Abstract

In this paper the measures for protection of health and property of public in the case of nuclear accident are discussed. They are based on optimal application of so called intervention levels. The actual flow of decision depends on: (1) prognosis of mathematical modelling of possible course of nuclear accident, and (2) results of monitoring of radiation situation.The aim of this contribution was to analyze their mutual cooperation and to suggest such procedure of monitoring or radiation situation which could be used for suggestion of protective measures. In this contribution the zones of protection planning in the accident place surrounding for the urgent measures were specified : (1) regulation of free movement of persons; (2) sheltering; (3) iodine prophylaxis; (4) temporary evacuation; (5) long term or permanent emigration. At the specification of zones of planned protection it is also coming out that regulation of movement of persons, sheltering and iodine prophylaxis were ordered in advance based on the evaluation of the crashed establishment state. In such situation the decision on protective measures in the time interval 6 to 12 hours after the beginning of accidental release is forwarding to: withdrawing the accepted orders on measures and transition from sheltering to  More>>
Authors:
Vladar, M; Fojtik, M; [1]  Stubna, M [2] 
  1. Inst. of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava (Slovakia)
  2. Research Inst. of Nuclear Power Plants, Bohunuce (Slovakia)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
INIS-SK-97-001; CONF-9511264-
Reference Number:
SCA: 560180; 220900; PA: AIX-28:073922; EDB-98:022550; SN: 97001879325
Resource Relation:
Conference: 19. radiation hygiene days (RHD) Jasna, Jasna Pod Chopkom (Slovakia), 20-23 Nov 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of 19th Radiation Hygiene Days. Conference Proceedings; PB: 208 p.
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 22 NUCLEAR REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; ACCIDENTS; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION PROTECTION; EMERGENCY PLANS; EVACUATION; POPULATION RELOCATION; CALCULATION METHODS; DISTANCE; EVALUATED DATA; KERMA; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
OSTI ID:
574046
Research Organizations:
Slovak Medical Association, Bratislava (Slovakia). Society of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Hygiene; Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava (Slovakia); State Specialized Health Inst., Banska Bystrica (Slovakia)
Country of Origin:
Slovakia
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98604320; TRN: SK97K0197073922
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE98604320
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
pp. 55-57
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Vladar, M, Fojtik, M, and Stubna, M. Derived intervention levels in early stage of nuclear accident development. Slovakia: N. p., 1995. Web.
Vladar, M, Fojtik, M, & Stubna, M. Derived intervention levels in early stage of nuclear accident development. Slovakia.
Vladar, M, Fojtik, M, and Stubna, M. 1995. "Derived intervention levels in early stage of nuclear accident development." Slovakia.
@misc{etde_574046,
title = {Derived intervention levels in early stage of nuclear accident development}
author = {Vladar, M, Fojtik, M, and Stubna, M}
abstractNote = {In this paper the measures for protection of health and property of public in the case of nuclear accident are discussed. They are based on optimal application of so called intervention levels. The actual flow of decision depends on: (1) prognosis of mathematical modelling of possible course of nuclear accident, and (2) results of monitoring of radiation situation.The aim of this contribution was to analyze their mutual cooperation and to suggest such procedure of monitoring or radiation situation which could be used for suggestion of protective measures. In this contribution the zones of protection planning in the accident place surrounding for the urgent measures were specified : (1) regulation of free movement of persons; (2) sheltering; (3) iodine prophylaxis; (4) temporary evacuation; (5) long term or permanent emigration. At the specification of zones of planned protection it is also coming out that regulation of movement of persons, sheltering and iodine prophylaxis were ordered in advance based on the evaluation of the crashed establishment state. In such situation the decision on protective measures in the time interval 6 to 12 hours after the beginning of accidental release is forwarding to: withdrawing the accepted orders on measures and transition from sheltering to temporary evacuation. The criterion for temporary evacuation is: (1) probability of exceeding the effective dose 100 mSv for children up to 10 years of age and pregnant women and 500 mSv for other population within 48 hours after beginning of accidental release; (2) probability of averting the effective dose 50 mSv up to 7 days, 100 mSv up to 15 days and 150 mSv up to 30 days for all population groups. In next part the intervention level, interpretation of values of kerma dose rate in air and determination of the size of planned protection zones are discussed. (J.K.) 3 tabs.}
place = {Slovakia}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}