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Dental care for the irradiated patient

Journal Article:

Abstract

Many treatment sequelae are encountered when treating head and neck cancer patients by means of ionizing radiation therapy. In many cases, these sequelae are compounded by various nutritional and other medical disorders. Many sequelae can eventually result in severe complications of the jaws and teeth. The radiotherapist needs to utilize the help of the dentist (as well as the surgeon) to prevent many of these complications from occurring, to maintain and manage those that do occur, and to contribute to the overall care of head and neck cancer patients. It was thought for many years that problems of the jaws and teeth, such as osteoradionecrosis and post-irradiation caries of the teeth, were an end product of aggressive radiotherapy. Many of these complications can now be prevented. It should be borne in mind that changes that do occur start approximately 2 months after initiation of irradiation, although it sometimes takes a long time to observe the changes. The priorities along which the objectives of dental treatment should be directed, are discussed in this article.
Authors:
Breytenbach, H S [1] 
  1. University of the Western Cape, Bellville (South Africa). Stomatology Unit
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1979
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-10-482063; EDB-80-030574
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Dent. Assoc. S. Afr.; (South Africa); Journal Volume: 34:7
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; DENTISTRY; RADIOTHERAPY; SIDE EFFECTS; CARIES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; IRRADIATION; NECK; NEOPLASMS; ORAL CAVITY; OSTEORADIONECROSIS; RADIATION DOSES; TEETH; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; BODY; BODY AREAS; DIGESTIVE SYSTEM; DISEASES; DOSES; INJURIES; LOCAL RADIATION EFFECTS; MEDICINE; NECROSIS; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATION INJURIES; RADIATIONS; RADIOLOGY; SKELETAL DISEASES; THERAPY; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man
OSTI ID:
5733086
Country of Origin:
South Africa
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: DASJA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 391-392
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Breytenbach, H S. Dental care for the irradiated patient. South Africa: N. p., 1979. Web.
Breytenbach, H S. Dental care for the irradiated patient. South Africa.
Breytenbach, H S. 1979. "Dental care for the irradiated patient." South Africa.
@misc{etde_5733086,
title = {Dental care for the irradiated patient}
author = {Breytenbach, H S}
abstractNote = {Many treatment sequelae are encountered when treating head and neck cancer patients by means of ionizing radiation therapy. In many cases, these sequelae are compounded by various nutritional and other medical disorders. Many sequelae can eventually result in severe complications of the jaws and teeth. The radiotherapist needs to utilize the help of the dentist (as well as the surgeon) to prevent many of these complications from occurring, to maintain and manage those that do occur, and to contribute to the overall care of head and neck cancer patients. It was thought for many years that problems of the jaws and teeth, such as osteoradionecrosis and post-irradiation caries of the teeth, were an end product of aggressive radiotherapy. Many of these complications can now be prevented. It should be borne in mind that changes that do occur start approximately 2 months after initiation of irradiation, although it sometimes takes a long time to observe the changes. The priorities along which the objectives of dental treatment should be directed, are discussed in this article.}
journal = {J. Dent. Assoc. S. Afr.; (South Africa)}
volume = {34:7}
journal type = {AC}
place = {South Africa}
year = {1979}
month = {Jul}
}