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Materials used in refrigerated storage system

Journal Article:

Abstract

Applications of cryogenic technology have increased at a phenomenal rate during the past decade. With the installation of a number of refrigerated storage tanks in Iran, e.g., LPG storage at Bandar Mah Shahr and Kharg Is., and ammonia storage at Bandar Shahpour, it is appropriate to review the materials used in constructing low temperature storage systems. In order to have an economical fully refrigerated storage installation without assuming the risk of brittle fracture, appropriate notch-tough material should be selected for the important and highly stressed components. In general, the lower the operating temperature, the more expensive is the material to be used. Hence, care should be taken to select the required material in such a manner that it will be suitable for the operating temperature and not lower. The most economical materials for low temperatures are steels. Ordinary carbon steel can be used down to -20$F and the Killed carbon steel down to -50$F. Nickel steels (2 1/4%) can be used down to -75$ to 100$F, Nickel steels (3 1/2%) down to -150$F, and 9% nickel steels down to 1,320$F. Stainless and aluminum alloys can be used down to -423$F. Tabular data give some commonly used materials in low temperature  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1970
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-076440
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bull. Iran. Pet. Inst.; (Iran); Journal Volume: 40
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; STORAGE FACILITIES; CONSTRUCTION; AMMONIA; BRITTLENESS; COST; CRYOGENICS; ENGINEERING; FRACTURING; IRAN; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES; METALLURGY; NICKEL; PIPELINES; REFRIGERATION; STAINLESS STEELS; STEELS; TENSILE PROPERTIES; TESTING; VERY LOW TEMPERATURE; ALLOYS; ASIA; CHROMIUM ALLOYS; COMMINUTION; COOLING; CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOYS; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; HYDRIDES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; LIQUEFIED GASES; LIQUIDS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; METALS; MIDDLE EAST; NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN HYDRIDES; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 035000* - Natural Gas- Storage- (1989-)
OSTI ID:
5719501
Country of Origin:
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: BIRPA
Submitting Site:
TUL
Size:
Pages: 10-17
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Abakians, H. Materials used in refrigerated storage system. Iran, Islamic Republic of: N. p., 1970. Web.
Abakians, H. Materials used in refrigerated storage system. Iran, Islamic Republic of.
Abakians, H. 1970. "Materials used in refrigerated storage system." Iran, Islamic Republic of.
@misc{etde_5719501,
title = {Materials used in refrigerated storage system}
author = {Abakians, H}
abstractNote = {Applications of cryogenic technology have increased at a phenomenal rate during the past decade. With the installation of a number of refrigerated storage tanks in Iran, e.g., LPG storage at Bandar Mah Shahr and Kharg Is., and ammonia storage at Bandar Shahpour, it is appropriate to review the materials used in constructing low temperature storage systems. In order to have an economical fully refrigerated storage installation without assuming the risk of brittle fracture, appropriate notch-tough material should be selected for the important and highly stressed components. In general, the lower the operating temperature, the more expensive is the material to be used. Hence, care should be taken to select the required material in such a manner that it will be suitable for the operating temperature and not lower. The most economical materials for low temperatures are steels. Ordinary carbon steel can be used down to -20$F and the Killed carbon steel down to -50$F. Nickel steels (2 1/4%) can be used down to -75$ to 100$F, Nickel steels (3 1/2%) down to -150$F, and 9% nickel steels down to 1,320$F. Stainless and aluminum alloys can be used down to -423$F. Tabular data give some commonly used materials in low temperature and cryogenic services with their lowest allowable temperature, tensile strength, and relative cost.}
journal = {Bull. Iran. Pet. Inst.; (Iran)}
volume = {40}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Iran, Islamic Republic of}
year = {1970}
month = {Sep}
}