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Pyrolysis oil as diesel fuel

Abstract

Wood waste pyrolysis oil is an attractive fuel alternative for diesel engine operation. The main benefit is the sustainability of the fuel. No fossil reserves are consumed. The fact that wood waste pyrolysis oil does not contribute to CO{sub 2} emissions is of utmost importance. This means that power plants utilising pyrolysis oil do not cause additional global warming. Equally important is the reduced sulphur emissions that this fuel alternative implies. The sulphur content of pyrolysis oil is extremely low. The high water content and low heating value are also expected to result in very low NO{sub x} emissions. Utilisation of wood waste pyrolysis oil in diesel engines, however, involves a lot of challenges and problems to be solved. The low heating value requires a new injection system with high capacity. The corrosive characteristics of the fluid also underline the need for new injection equipment materials. Wood waste pyrolysis oil contains solid particles which can clog filters and cause abrasive wear. Wood waste pyrolysis oil has proven to have extremely bad ignition properties. The development of a reliable injection system which is able to cope with such a fuel involves a lot of optimisation tests, redesign and innovative solutions. Successful  More>>
Authors:
Gros, S [1] 
  1. Wartsila Diesel International Ltd., Vaasa (Finland). Diesel Technology
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1996
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-SYMP-164
Reference Number:
SCA: 090900; 330800; 330102; PA: FI-98:003018; EDB-98:027688; SN: 98001896198
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Power production from biomass II with special emphasis on gasification and pyrolysis R and DD; Sipilae, K.; Korhonen, M. [eds.] [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Production Technologies]; PB: 320 p.
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; PYROLYTIC OILS; WOOD WASTES; BIOMASS; DIESEL ENGINES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS; COMBUSTION PROPERTIES
OSTI ID:
570562
Research Organizations:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98724226; ISBN 951-38-4555-9; TRN: FI9803018
Availability:
OSTI as DE98724226
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. 225-238
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Gros, S. Pyrolysis oil as diesel fuel. Finland: N. p., 1996. Web.
Gros, S. Pyrolysis oil as diesel fuel. Finland.
Gros, S. 1996. "Pyrolysis oil as diesel fuel." Finland.
@misc{etde_570562,
title = {Pyrolysis oil as diesel fuel}
author = {Gros, S}
abstractNote = {Wood waste pyrolysis oil is an attractive fuel alternative for diesel engine operation. The main benefit is the sustainability of the fuel. No fossil reserves are consumed. The fact that wood waste pyrolysis oil does not contribute to CO{sub 2} emissions is of utmost importance. This means that power plants utilising pyrolysis oil do not cause additional global warming. Equally important is the reduced sulphur emissions that this fuel alternative implies. The sulphur content of pyrolysis oil is extremely low. The high water content and low heating value are also expected to result in very low NO{sub x} emissions. Utilisation of wood waste pyrolysis oil in diesel engines, however, involves a lot of challenges and problems to be solved. The low heating value requires a new injection system with high capacity. The corrosive characteristics of the fluid also underline the need for new injection equipment materials. Wood waste pyrolysis oil contains solid particles which can clog filters and cause abrasive wear. Wood waste pyrolysis oil has proven to have extremely bad ignition properties. The development of a reliable injection system which is able to cope with such a fuel involves a lot of optimisation tests, redesign and innovative solutions. Successful single-cylinder tests have already been performed and they have verified that diesel operation on wood pyrolysis oil is technically possible. (orig.)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1996}
month = {Dec}
}