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Occurrence of /sup 22/Na in some species of Canadian biota

Journal Article:

Abstract

Cosmic-ray spallation of argon and fallout from testing of high-yield nuclear weapons have increased the amount of /sup 22/Na present in the environment. Consequently, it has been possible to measure /sup 22/Na in Alaskan natives, caribou, elk, and some foods. Samples of flora and fauna were routinely collected in the vicinity of Pinawa, Manitoba, as a part of the Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment's radiation survey program. Gamma spectrometric analysis methods revealed the presence of /sup 22/Na in samples taken during 1964, in addition to other long-lived fission products such as /sup 144/Ce, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 137/Cs, and /sup 54/Mn. Sodium-22 was measured in samples of muscle tissue taken from the red squirrel (Tamiasciurus sp.) and hare (Lepus americanus), but was not detected in the flesh of the short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea). Sodium-22 was detected neither in the sweet (white) clover which grew profusely in the area where the mammals were trapped nor in composite samples of Winnipeg River water in any of the species of fish taken from the river during this period: rock bass (Amblopletes rupestris), sucker (Castostomus sp.), pike (Esox lucius), pickerel (Stizostedion vitreum), and sauger (Stizostedion canadense). However, /sup 22/Na has been reported in bass  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1965
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-059444
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Can. J. Zool.; (Canada); Journal Volume: 43
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CESIUM 137; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; POTASSIUM 40; SODIUM 22; WILD ANIMALS; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; CANADA; FISHES; FOOD CHAINS; GLOBAL FALLOUT; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; RABBITS; SQUIRRELS; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-PLUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; EXPLOSIONS; FALLOUT; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MAMMALS; NORTH AMERICA; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; POTASSIUM ISOTOPES; RADIOISOTOPES; RODENTS; SODIUM ISOTOPES; VERTEBRATES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 500300* - Environment, Atmospheric- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 510302 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Terrestrial Ecosystems & Food Chains- (-1987); 520302 - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Aquatic Ecosystems & Food Chains- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5684344
Research Organizations:
Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment, Pinawa, Manitoba
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CJZOA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 889-890
Announcement Date:
Mar 01, 1982

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Guthrie, J E. Occurrence of /sup 22/Na in some species of Canadian biota. Canada: N. p., 1965. Web.
Guthrie, J E. Occurrence of /sup 22/Na in some species of Canadian biota. Canada.
Guthrie, J E. 1965. "Occurrence of /sup 22/Na in some species of Canadian biota." Canada.
@misc{etde_5684344,
title = {Occurrence of /sup 22/Na in some species of Canadian biota}
author = {Guthrie, J E}
abstractNote = {Cosmic-ray spallation of argon and fallout from testing of high-yield nuclear weapons have increased the amount of /sup 22/Na present in the environment. Consequently, it has been possible to measure /sup 22/Na in Alaskan natives, caribou, elk, and some foods. Samples of flora and fauna were routinely collected in the vicinity of Pinawa, Manitoba, as a part of the Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment's radiation survey program. Gamma spectrometric analysis methods revealed the presence of /sup 22/Na in samples taken during 1964, in addition to other long-lived fission products such as /sup 144/Ce, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 137/Cs, and /sup 54/Mn. Sodium-22 was measured in samples of muscle tissue taken from the red squirrel (Tamiasciurus sp.) and hare (Lepus americanus), but was not detected in the flesh of the short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea). Sodium-22 was detected neither in the sweet (white) clover which grew profusely in the area where the mammals were trapped nor in composite samples of Winnipeg River water in any of the species of fish taken from the river during this period: rock bass (Amblopletes rupestris), sucker (Castostomus sp.), pike (Esox lucius), pickerel (Stizostedion vitreum), and sauger (Stizostedion canadense). However, /sup 22/Na has been reported in bass caught in the Columbia River, Washington. Potassium-40 and /sup 137/Cs means in the samples examined indicate an apparent increase in the amounts of /sup 137/Cs. The amount of /sup 22/Na measured in rabbits is much less than the maximum permissible body burden for the nuclide (10 ..mu..C).}
journal = {Can. J. Zool.; (Canada)}
volume = {43}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Canada}
year = {1965}
month = {Sep}
}