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Catalytic production of sugar alcohols (polyols) and their application

Abstract

The article surveys the numerous applications of the principal sugar alcohols sorbitol and xylitol and their world production in 1978. Nowadays, the industrial production of sugar alcohols is almost exclusively by catalytic hydrogenation of the corresponding sugars; thus sorbitol is manufactured by hydrogenation of D-glucose, xylitol by hydrogenation of xylose, and mannitol by hydrogenation of invert sugar or fructose. Some 80% of the world production of sugar alcohols are manufactured in batch suspension processes using Raney nickel catalysts. Apart from the Atlas Powder continuous suspension process employing nickel-carrier catalysts, continuous processes have recently been developed which use Raney nickel and prove more economical owing to the lower catalyst costs. Trickling processes with fixed catalyst continue to play a minor role. Available production capacity based on batch suspension processes can be expanded by process optimization and new catalyst developments. A newly developed special Raney nickel catalyst reduces the specific catalyst consumption by about 50%.
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1980
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
EDB-82-072350
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chem.-Ing.-Tech.; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 52:7; Conference: 19. exhibition meeting for chemical apparatus engineering, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, F.R., 17 - 23 Jun 1979
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; FRUCTOSE; HYDROGENATION; GLUCOSE; CATALYSTS; NICKEL; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; SORBITOL; PRODUCTION; XYLOSE; CARBOHYDRATES; CATALYSIS; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; GLYCOLS; OPTIMIZATION; SACCHAROSE; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; ALCOHOLS; ALDEHYDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DISACCHARIDES; DIURETICS; DRUGS; ELEMENTS; HEXOSES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; KETONES; KINETICS; METALS; MONOSACCHARIDES; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PENTOSES; REACTION KINETICS; SACCHARIDES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 400301* - Organic Chemistry- Chemical & Physicochemical Properties- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5679493
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CITEA
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
Pages: 582-587
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Albert, R, Straetz, A, and Vollheim, G. Catalytic production of sugar alcohols (polyols) and their application. Germany: N. p., 1980. Web.
Albert, R, Straetz, A, & Vollheim, G. Catalytic production of sugar alcohols (polyols) and their application. Germany.
Albert, R, Straetz, A, and Vollheim, G. 1980. "Catalytic production of sugar alcohols (polyols) and their application." Germany.
@misc{etde_5679493,
title = {Catalytic production of sugar alcohols (polyols) and their application}
author = {Albert, R, Straetz, A, and Vollheim, G}
abstractNote = {The article surveys the numerous applications of the principal sugar alcohols sorbitol and xylitol and their world production in 1978. Nowadays, the industrial production of sugar alcohols is almost exclusively by catalytic hydrogenation of the corresponding sugars; thus sorbitol is manufactured by hydrogenation of D-glucose, xylitol by hydrogenation of xylose, and mannitol by hydrogenation of invert sugar or fructose. Some 80% of the world production of sugar alcohols are manufactured in batch suspension processes using Raney nickel catalysts. Apart from the Atlas Powder continuous suspension process employing nickel-carrier catalysts, continuous processes have recently been developed which use Raney nickel and prove more economical owing to the lower catalyst costs. Trickling processes with fixed catalyst continue to play a minor role. Available production capacity based on batch suspension processes can be expanded by process optimization and new catalyst developments. A newly developed special Raney nickel catalyst reduces the specific catalyst consumption by about 50%.}
journal = {Chem.-Ing.-Tech.; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {52:7}
place = {Germany}
year = {1980}
month = {Jul}
}