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Energy cascades in Canada

Abstract

Combining energy uses in a cascade can result in significant overall reductions in fuel requirements. The simplest applications for a cascade are in the recovery of waste heat from existing processes using special boilers or turbines. Specific applications of more-complex energy cascades for Canada are discussed. A combined-cycle plant at a chemical refinery in Ontario is world leader in energy efficiency. Total-energy systems for commercial buildings, such as one installed in a school in Western Canada, offer attractive energy and operating cost benefits. A cogeneration plant proposed for the National Capital Region, generating electricity as well as steam for district heating, allows the use of a low-grade fossil fuel (coal), greatly improves energy-transformation efficiency, and also utilizes an effectively renewable resource (municipal garbage). Despite the widespread availability of equipment and technology of energy cascades, the sale of steam and electricity across plant boundaries presents a barrier. More widespread use of cascades will require increased cooperation among industry, electric utilities and the various levels of government if Canada is to realize the high levels of energy efficiency potential available.
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 1979
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CANMET-79-12
Reference Number:
ERA-05-012013; EPA-06-001606; EDB-80-034801
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; CANADA; ENERGY CASCADE; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; TOTAL ENERGY SYSTEMS; WASTE HEAT; RESOURCE POTENTIAL; CHEMICAL INDUSTRY; COMBINED CYCLES; COST; DISTRICT HEATING; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; EVALUATED DATA; GRAPHS; HEAT RECOVERY; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; MUNICIPAL WASTES; SCHOOL BUILDINGS; BUILDINGS; DATA; DATA FORMS; EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES; EFFICIENCY; ENERGY; ENERGY RECOVERY; ENERGY SOURCES; HEAT; HEATING; INDUSTRY; INFORMATION; NORTH AMERICA; NUMERICAL DATA; RECOVERY; THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION; WASTES; 290800* - Energy Planning & Policy- Heat Utilization- (1980-); 320304 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes- Waste Heat Recovery & Utilization; 320100 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Buildings
Sponsoring Organizations:
Energy, Mines and Resources Canada
OSTI ID:
5621054
Research Organizations:
Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Ottawa (Canada)
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 22
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Hayden, A. C., and Brown, T. D. Energy cascades in Canada. Canada: N. p., 1979. Web.
Hayden, A. C., & Brown, T. D. Energy cascades in Canada. Canada.
Hayden, A. C., and Brown, T. D. 1979. "Energy cascades in Canada." Canada.
@misc{etde_5621054,
title = {Energy cascades in Canada}
author = {Hayden, A. C., and Brown, T. D.}
abstractNote = {Combining energy uses in a cascade can result in significant overall reductions in fuel requirements. The simplest applications for a cascade are in the recovery of waste heat from existing processes using special boilers or turbines. Specific applications of more-complex energy cascades for Canada are discussed. A combined-cycle plant at a chemical refinery in Ontario is world leader in energy efficiency. Total-energy systems for commercial buildings, such as one installed in a school in Western Canada, offer attractive energy and operating cost benefits. A cogeneration plant proposed for the National Capital Region, generating electricity as well as steam for district heating, allows the use of a low-grade fossil fuel (coal), greatly improves energy-transformation efficiency, and also utilizes an effectively renewable resource (municipal garbage). Despite the widespread availability of equipment and technology of energy cascades, the sale of steam and electricity across plant boundaries presents a barrier. More widespread use of cascades will require increased cooperation among industry, electric utilities and the various levels of government if Canada is to realize the high levels of energy efficiency potential available.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1979}
month = {Mar}
}