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Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter

Abstract

A fully compensating uranium-scintillator calorimeter was constructed for the ZEUS detector at HERA. Several of the barrel calorimeter modules were subjected to beam tests at Fermilab before shipping them to DESY for installation. The calibrations of the modules used beams of electrons and hadrons, measuring the uniformity of the response, and checking the resolution. The runs also provided opportunity to test a large fraction of the actual ZEUS calorimeter readout system in an integrated beam environment more than one year before HERA turn on. The experiment utilized two computer controlled mechanical structures, one of which was capable of holding up to four modules in order to study shower containment, and a magnetic spectrometer with a high resolution beam tracking system. During two running periods, beams of 6 to 110 GeV containing e, [mu], [pi], and anti p were used. The results show energy resolutions of 35%/[radical]E for hadrons and 19%/[radical]E for electrons, uniformities at the 1% level, energy nonlinearity less than 1%, and equal response for electrons and hadrons. (orig.)
Authors:
Bernstein, A; Bienz, T; Caldwell, A; Chen, L; Derrick, M; Gialas, I; Hamri, A; Imlay, R; Kartik, S; Kim, H J; Kinnel, T; Kreutzmann, H; Li, C G; Lim, J N; Loveless, R; Lu, B; Mallik, U; McLean, K W; McNeil, R; Metcalf, W; Musgrave, B; Oh, B Y; Park, S; Parsons, J A; Reeder, D; Repond, J; Ritz, S; Roco, M T.P.; Sandler, P H; Sciulli, F; Smith, W H; Talaga, R L; Tzanakos, G; Wai, L; Wang, M Z; Whitmore, J; Wu, J; Yang, S [1] 
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States) Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States) Nevis Labs., Irvington-on-Hudson, NY (United States) Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States) Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States) Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States) Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States) Virginia Polytechnic Inst., and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States) Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 1993
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
NLN-94-0F0450; EDB-94-026645
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 336:1-2
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CALORIMETERS; PLASTIC SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; HERA STORAGE RING; ATTENUATION; CALIBRATION; CHARGE COLLECTION; ELECTRON DETECTION; ENERGY DEPENDENCE; ENERGY RESOLUTION; GEV RANGE 01-10; GEV RANGE 10-100; GEV RANGE 100-1000; MODULAR STRUCTURES; MUON DETECTION; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PARTICLE TRACKS; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS; PION DETECTION; PULSES; READOUT SYSTEMS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; RESPONSE FUNCTIONS; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; URANIUM; ACTINIDES; CHARGED PARTICLE DETECTION; DETECTION; ELEMENTS; ENERGY RANGE; FUNCTIONS; GEV RANGE; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; METALS; PHOTOTUBES; RADIATION DETECTION; RADIATION DETECTORS; RESOLUTION; SCINTILLATION COUNTERS; SOLID SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; STORAGE RINGS; 440104* - Radiation Instrumentation- High Energy Physics Instrumentation
OSTI ID:
5572924
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; CODEN: NIMAER
Submitting Site:
NLN
Size:
Pages: 23-52
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Bernstein, A, Bienz, T, Caldwell, A, Chen, L, Derrick, M, Gialas, I, Hamri, A, Imlay, R, Kartik, S, Kim, H J, Kinnel, T, Kreutzmann, H, Li, C G, Lim, J N, Loveless, R, Lu, B, Mallik, U, McLean, K W, McNeil, R, Metcalf, W, Musgrave, B, Oh, B Y, Park, S, Parsons, J A, Reeder, D, Repond, J, Ritz, S, Roco, M T.P., Sandler, P H, Sciulli, F, Smith, W H, Talaga, R L, Tzanakos, G, Wai, L, Wang, M Z, Whitmore, J, Wu, J, and Yang, S. Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter. Netherlands: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.1016/0168-9002(93)91078-2.
Bernstein, A, Bienz, T, Caldwell, A, Chen, L, Derrick, M, Gialas, I, Hamri, A, Imlay, R, Kartik, S, Kim, H J, Kinnel, T, Kreutzmann, H, Li, C G, Lim, J N, Loveless, R, Lu, B, Mallik, U, McLean, K W, McNeil, R, Metcalf, W, Musgrave, B, Oh, B Y, Park, S, Parsons, J A, Reeder, D, Repond, J, Ritz, S, Roco, M T.P., Sandler, P H, Sciulli, F, Smith, W H, Talaga, R L, Tzanakos, G, Wai, L, Wang, M Z, Whitmore, J, Wu, J, & Yang, S. Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/0168-9002(93)91078-2.
Bernstein, A, Bienz, T, Caldwell, A, Chen, L, Derrick, M, Gialas, I, Hamri, A, Imlay, R, Kartik, S, Kim, H J, Kinnel, T, Kreutzmann, H, Li, C G, Lim, J N, Loveless, R, Lu, B, Mallik, U, McLean, K W, McNeil, R, Metcalf, W, Musgrave, B, Oh, B Y, Park, S, Parsons, J A, Reeder, D, Repond, J, Ritz, S, Roco, M T.P., Sandler, P H, Sciulli, F, Smith, W H, Talaga, R L, Tzanakos, G, Wai, L, Wang, M Z, Whitmore, J, Wu, J, and Yang, S. 1993. "Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter." Netherlands. doi:10.1016/0168-9002(93)91078-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0168-9002(93)91078-2.
@misc{etde_5572924,
title = {Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter}
author = {Bernstein, A, Bienz, T, Caldwell, A, Chen, L, Derrick, M, Gialas, I, Hamri, A, Imlay, R, Kartik, S, Kim, H J, Kinnel, T, Kreutzmann, H, Li, C G, Lim, J N, Loveless, R, Lu, B, Mallik, U, McLean, K W, McNeil, R, Metcalf, W, Musgrave, B, Oh, B Y, Park, S, Parsons, J A, Reeder, D, Repond, J, Ritz, S, Roco, M T.P., Sandler, P H, Sciulli, F, Smith, W H, Talaga, R L, Tzanakos, G, Wai, L, Wang, M Z, Whitmore, J, Wu, J, and Yang, S}
abstractNote = {A fully compensating uranium-scintillator calorimeter was constructed for the ZEUS detector at HERA. Several of the barrel calorimeter modules were subjected to beam tests at Fermilab before shipping them to DESY for installation. The calibrations of the modules used beams of electrons and hadrons, measuring the uniformity of the response, and checking the resolution. The runs also provided opportunity to test a large fraction of the actual ZEUS calorimeter readout system in an integrated beam environment more than one year before HERA turn on. The experiment utilized two computer controlled mechanical structures, one of which was capable of holding up to four modules in order to study shower containment, and a magnetic spectrometer with a high resolution beam tracking system. During two running periods, beams of 6 to 110 GeV containing e, [mu], [pi], and anti p were used. The results show energy resolutions of 35%/[radical]E for hadrons and 19%/[radical]E for electrons, uniformities at the 1% level, energy nonlinearity less than 1%, and equal response for electrons and hadrons. (orig.)}
doi = {10.1016/0168-9002(93)91078-2}
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A; (Netherlands)}
volume = {336:1-2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1993}
month = {Nov}
}