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Membrane technology applications

Technical Report:

Abstract

Due to a continuing emphasis on increasing the efficiency of utilizing the Province's electrical energy system, a Membrane Testing and Development Facility (MTDF) has been established at Ontario Hydro Research Division. The MTDF comprises bench-scale and pilot-scale reverse osmosis (RO) and ultrafiltration (UF) systems. RO and UF are membrane separation technologies which with microfiltration (MF) have found numerous industrial applications in wastewater treatment and/or byproduct recovery. Since no phase change is involved in RO and UF, they are more energy efficient separation processes than, say, evaporation or distillation. Initial tests have been carried out to demonstrate the capability of the newly-established MTDF. Bench- and pilot-scale RO treatment, at 4.1 MPa applied pressure, of a simulated nickel plating waste rinse stream was demonstrated. RO membrane rejection efficiencies for nickel were 99+% (in the bench scale test) and 99.9+% (on the pilot scale). Volume reduction factors of about 25 were attained, at purified water flux rates in the range 1 to 1.5 m{sup 3}/m{sup 2} per day. Good correlation was noted between bench-scale and pilot-scale RO test results. Pilot-scale UF of a simulated industrial cutting oil/water waste emulsion at 0.40 MPa gave 99+% oil rejection (pilot scale) at a flux rate of  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1990
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
OH/RD-90-139-K; CE-03714
Reference Number:
CANM-91-009132; EDB-91-099377
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; INDUSTRY; SEPARATION PROCESSES; MEMBRANES; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; MATERIALS RECOVERY; WASTE WATER; EFFICIENCY; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LIQUID WASTES; MANAGEMENT; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PROCESSING; RECOVERY; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; WATER; 320303* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes- Equipment & Processes; 320305 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes- Industrial Waste Management
OSTI ID:
5533889
Research Organizations:
Ontario Hydro, Toronto, ON (Canada). Research Div.
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Availability:
PC Ontario Hydro Research Division, Records Clerk, Bldg. KR 107, 800 Kipling Ave., Etobicoke, ON, CAN M8Z 5S4; MF CANMET/TID, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 555 Booth St., Ottawa, Ont., Canada K1A 0G1.
Submitting Site:
CANM
Size:
Pages: (29 p)
Announcement Date:

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Golomb, A. Membrane technology applications. Canada: N. p., 1990. Web.
Golomb, A. Membrane technology applications. Canada.
Golomb, A. 1990. "Membrane technology applications." Canada.
@misc{etde_5533889,
title = {Membrane technology applications}
author = {Golomb, A}
abstractNote = {Due to a continuing emphasis on increasing the efficiency of utilizing the Province's electrical energy system, a Membrane Testing and Development Facility (MTDF) has been established at Ontario Hydro Research Division. The MTDF comprises bench-scale and pilot-scale reverse osmosis (RO) and ultrafiltration (UF) systems. RO and UF are membrane separation technologies which with microfiltration (MF) have found numerous industrial applications in wastewater treatment and/or byproduct recovery. Since no phase change is involved in RO and UF, they are more energy efficient separation processes than, say, evaporation or distillation. Initial tests have been carried out to demonstrate the capability of the newly-established MTDF. Bench- and pilot-scale RO treatment, at 4.1 MPa applied pressure, of a simulated nickel plating waste rinse stream was demonstrated. RO membrane rejection efficiencies for nickel were 99+% (in the bench scale test) and 99.9+% (on the pilot scale). Volume reduction factors of about 25 were attained, at purified water flux rates in the range 1 to 1.5 m{sup 3}/m{sup 2} per day. Good correlation was noted between bench-scale and pilot-scale RO test results. Pilot-scale UF of a simulated industrial cutting oil/water waste emulsion at 0.40 MPa gave 99+% oil rejection (pilot scale) at a flux rate of 0.7 m{sup 3}/m{sup 2} per day. A volume reduction of about 5.2 was attained. Overviews of opportunities for membrane separation technology applied to the metal cutting and surface finishing industries, and the food and beverage industry are given. Capabilities (and some present needs) of the MTDF are outlined, with recommendations. 17 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1990}
month = {Oct}
}