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Ecology of heavy metals - a regional and historical study

Journal Article:

Abstract

Samples of Hypnum cupressiforme, collected during 1968-1969 in northeastern Goetaland, the low-land areas and the ridge areas of Skane (southern Sweden) have been analyzed for Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr. The concentration of these metals were significantly lower in the north-eastern area than in the areas of Skane, particularly in Pb, Ni, and Cr. Between the two areas in Skane differences were only established for Pb and Cu, with the largest concentrations in the humid ridge areas. The differences in the concentrations of these heavy metals between northeastern Goetaland and Skane will be explained by the geographical position with respect to the large industrial regions of Europe. Samples of the same species, collected in Skane 1870-1943 have also been analyzed. Significant increases during the decades around 1900 were demonstrated for Cu and Zn. In the concentrations of Ni a rapid rise has occurred since about 1920, when this metal was introduced in the world production. The content of Ni in the samples from 1969 is more than twice as large as in the samples collected before 1926. The historical trends in the concentrations of Pb have earlier been demonstrated (Ruehling and Tyler 1968). There is little doubt that the  More>>
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1969
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-85-105991
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bot. Not.; (Sweden); Journal Volume: 122
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CHROMIUM; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; COPPER; LEAD; NICKEL; ZINC; AIR POLLUTION; AUTOMOBILES; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; EXHAUST GASES; FOLIAR UPTAKE; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; LAND POLLUTION; MOSSES; NUMERICAL DATA; REGIONAL ANALYSIS; DATA; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; INFORMATION; METALS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; UPTAKE; VEHICLES; WASTES; 510200* - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 560303 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Plants- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5523941
Research Organizations:
Univ. of Lund, Sweden
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: BONOA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 248-259
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Ruehling, A, and Tyler, G. Ecology of heavy metals - a regional and historical study. Sweden: N. p., 1969. Web.
Ruehling, A, & Tyler, G. Ecology of heavy metals - a regional and historical study. Sweden.
Ruehling, A, and Tyler, G. 1969. "Ecology of heavy metals - a regional and historical study." Sweden.
@misc{etde_5523941,
title = {Ecology of heavy metals - a regional and historical study}
author = {Ruehling, A, and Tyler, G}
abstractNote = {Samples of Hypnum cupressiforme, collected during 1968-1969 in northeastern Goetaland, the low-land areas and the ridge areas of Skane (southern Sweden) have been analyzed for Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr. The concentration of these metals were significantly lower in the north-eastern area than in the areas of Skane, particularly in Pb, Ni, and Cr. Between the two areas in Skane differences were only established for Pb and Cu, with the largest concentrations in the humid ridge areas. The differences in the concentrations of these heavy metals between northeastern Goetaland and Skane will be explained by the geographical position with respect to the large industrial regions of Europe. Samples of the same species, collected in Skane 1870-1943 have also been analyzed. Significant increases during the decades around 1900 were demonstrated for Cu and Zn. In the concentrations of Ni a rapid rise has occurred since about 1920, when this metal was introduced in the world production. The content of Ni in the samples from 1969 is more than twice as large as in the samples collected before 1926. The historical trends in the concentrations of Pb have earlier been demonstrated (Ruehling and Tyler 1968). There is little doubt that the rise in the concentrations of these metals is an effect of a larger air-borne supply, originating from human activity. 8 references.}
journal = {Bot. Not.; (Sweden)}
volume = {122}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1969}
month = {Jan}
}