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Solid substrate fermentation

Abstract

Solid Substrate Fermentation (SSF) describes the microbiological tranformation of biological materials in their natural state, in contrast with liquid or submerged fermentations which are carried out in dilute solutions or slurries. The most important industrial microorganisms used in SSF are filamentous fungi and the critical factors in their growth are the control of the moisture level and the temperature. Traditionally, most SSFs are conducted in shallow trays (so that heat build up is avoided) and stacked in a moist chamber, however, the modern SSF should be able to mix large amounts of substrate for a uniform fermentation, maximum automization scale-up of the process, continuous operation and fermentation control and a promising new design is the Helical screw fermenter. At the present time SSF is used in the production of foods (e.g. mushrooms and oriental foods) in municipal, agricultural and industrial solid waste disposal and in the production of enzymes and speciality chemicals but it does not seem likely that it will replace prevalent liquid fermentation technologies. 29 references.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1985
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-86-134852
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Trends Biotechnol.; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 3:4
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; SOLIDS; FERMENTATION; AMYLASE; ANIMAL FEEDS; ANTIBIOTICS; ASPERGILLUS; BACTERIA; BEVERAGE INDUSTRY; BIOREACTORS; CASSAVA; CELLULASE; CELLULOSE; CEREALS; CHEESE; CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS; COMPOSTING; COMPUTERIZED CONTROL SYSTEMS; DESIGN; DISTILLATION; ENERGY; ENZYMES; ETHANOL; FOOD; FORAGE; FRUITS; FUNGI; LIGNIN; METHANE; MICROORGANISMS; MUSHROOMS; ORGANIC MATTER; PENICILLIUM; PROCESS CONTROL; RENEWABLE RESOURCES; RESIDUES; RHIZOPUS; SANITARY LANDFILLS; SORGHUM; STRAW; SUBSTRATES; SYMBIOSIS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; THERMOPHILIC CONDITIONS; VOLUME; WASTE DISPOSAL; WATER; WOOD; YEASTS; ALCOHOLS; ALKANES; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; BIOCONVERSION; CARBOHYDRATES; CONTROL; CONTROL SYSTEMS; DRUGS; GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES; GRASS; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROLASES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; INDUSTRY; MANAGEMENT; MILK PRODUCTS; O-GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLYSACCHARIDES; PROCESSING; RESOURCES; SACCHARIDES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989); 320305 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes- Industrial Waste Management; 320604 - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Municipalities & Community Systems- Municipal Waste Management- (1980-)
OSTI ID:
5468472
Research Organizations:
Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: TRBID
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 96-99
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Tengerdy, R P. Solid substrate fermentation. Netherlands: N. p., 1985. Web. doi:10.1016/0167-7799(85)90092-7.
Tengerdy, R P. Solid substrate fermentation. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/0167-7799(85)90092-7.
Tengerdy, R P. 1985. "Solid substrate fermentation." Netherlands. doi:10.1016/0167-7799(85)90092-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0167-7799(85)90092-7.
@misc{etde_5468472,
title = {Solid substrate fermentation}
author = {Tengerdy, R P}
abstractNote = {Solid Substrate Fermentation (SSF) describes the microbiological tranformation of biological materials in their natural state, in contrast with liquid or submerged fermentations which are carried out in dilute solutions or slurries. The most important industrial microorganisms used in SSF are filamentous fungi and the critical factors in their growth are the control of the moisture level and the temperature. Traditionally, most SSFs are conducted in shallow trays (so that heat build up is avoided) and stacked in a moist chamber, however, the modern SSF should be able to mix large amounts of substrate for a uniform fermentation, maximum automization scale-up of the process, continuous operation and fermentation control and a promising new design is the Helical screw fermenter. At the present time SSF is used in the production of foods (e.g. mushrooms and oriental foods) in municipal, agricultural and industrial solid waste disposal and in the production of enzymes and speciality chemicals but it does not seem likely that it will replace prevalent liquid fermentation technologies. 29 references.}
doi = {10.1016/0167-7799(85)90092-7}
journal = {Trends Biotechnol.; (Netherlands)}
volume = {3:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1985}
month = {Apr}
}