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Cost-effectiveness of the fenceline cow

Journal Article:

Abstract

The grass-cow-milk pathway for /sup 131/I is one of the main contributers to estimated population dose from BWR's and PWR's. Such estimates assume a cow at the fenceline grazing for 12 months of the year. Reductions in the population dose would require a trade-off, based on cost-effectiveness criteria, between additions to the effluent treatment system, expanding the exclusion area, or raising the stack height. It is suggested that a more practical and more cost-effective means may be provided by redistribution of nearby dairy cattle (or goats), and that the plant operator buy these animals and/or contract with the land owner(s) to use the land for alternative crops. Even a subsidy to compensate the farmer for any financial losses entailed in these changes might be less expensive than alternative technical installations to lower iodine effluent levels. Figures are provided to illustrate these points.
Authors:
Eichholz, G G; Lando, A V [1] 
  1. Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta (USA). School of Nuclear Engineering
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1979
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-11-505260; EDB-80-072670
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 37:1
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; AGRICULTURE; COWS; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; FORAGE; GOATS; IODINE 131; LAND USE; MILK; REACTOR SITES; STACK DISPOSAL; ANIMAL FEEDS; ANIMALS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BODY FLUIDS; CATTLE; DAYS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; DOSES; FOOD; INDUSTRY; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; IODINE ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; MAMMALS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; PLANTS; POPULATIONS; POWER PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; RUMINANTS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; VERTEBRATES; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; 500300* - Environment, Atmospheric- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 560152 - Radiation Effects on Animals- Animals
OSTI ID:
5452795
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: HLTPA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 174-176
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Eichholz, G G, and Lando, A V. Cost-effectiveness of the fenceline cow. United Kingdom: N. p., 1979. Web.
Eichholz, G G, & Lando, A V. Cost-effectiveness of the fenceline cow. United Kingdom.
Eichholz, G G, and Lando, A V. 1979. "Cost-effectiveness of the fenceline cow." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_5452795,
title = {Cost-effectiveness of the fenceline cow}
author = {Eichholz, G G, and Lando, A V}
abstractNote = {The grass-cow-milk pathway for /sup 131/I is one of the main contributers to estimated population dose from BWR's and PWR's. Such estimates assume a cow at the fenceline grazing for 12 months of the year. Reductions in the population dose would require a trade-off, based on cost-effectiveness criteria, between additions to the effluent treatment system, expanding the exclusion area, or raising the stack height. It is suggested that a more practical and more cost-effective means may be provided by redistribution of nearby dairy cattle (or goats), and that the plant operator buy these animals and/or contract with the land owner(s) to use the land for alternative crops. Even a subsidy to compensate the farmer for any financial losses entailed in these changes might be less expensive than alternative technical installations to lower iodine effluent levels. Figures are provided to illustrate these points.}
journal = {Health Phys.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {37:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1979}
month = {Jul}
}