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Ultimate methane yield from beef cattle manure: effect of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age

Abstract

The effects of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age on the ultimate methane yield (Bo, litre CH4/g volatile solids fed (VSf)) were investigated using 4-litre batch fermenters. The average Bo for fermenters maintained at 30-60 degrees Celcius (at 5 degrees Celcius intervals) was 0.328 litre CH4/g VSf. The Bo at 65 degrees Celcius averaged 0.118 litre CH4g VSf, but this low yield was attributed to unstable fermentation rather than decreased substrate availability at that temperature. These results agreed well with Bo values estimated from daily-fed fermenters. Chlortetracycline and monensin did not affect Bo; however, monensin did delay the start of active fermentation in batch fermenters. The average Bo of manure from cattle fed 91.5, 40 and 7% corn silage were 0.173, 0.232 and 0.290 litre CH4/g VSf, respectively. The average Bo for 6-8 week old manure from a dirt feedlot was 0.210 litre CH4/g VSf. (Refs. 14).
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-113476
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Agric. Wastes; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 3:4
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; MANURES; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; METHANE; BIOSYNTHESIS; AGE DEPENDENCE; ANTIBIOTICS; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; CATTLE; DIET; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; YIELDS; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ALKANES; ANIMALS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; BIOCONVERSION; DIGESTION; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; DRUGS; HYDROCARBONS; MAMMALS; MANAGEMENT; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC WASTES; PROCESSING; RUMINANTS; SYNTHESIS; VERTEBRATES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5440541
Research Organizations:
Roman L. Hruska US Meat Animal Research Center, Agricultural Research, Science and Education Administration. US Department of Agriculture, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933, USA
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: AGWAD
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 241-256
Announcement Date:
Jul 01, 1982

Citation Formats

Hashimoto, A G, Varel, V H, and Chen, Y R. Ultimate methane yield from beef cattle manure: effect of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age. United Kingdom: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(81)90011-1.
Hashimoto, A G, Varel, V H, & Chen, Y R. Ultimate methane yield from beef cattle manure: effect of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(81)90011-1.
Hashimoto, A G, Varel, V H, and Chen, Y R. 1981. "Ultimate methane yield from beef cattle manure: effect of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(81)90011-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0141-4607(81)90011-1.
@misc{etde_5440541,
title = {Ultimate methane yield from beef cattle manure: effect of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age}
author = {Hashimoto, A G, Varel, V H, and Chen, Y R}
abstractNote = {The effects of temperature, ration constituents, antibiotics and manure age on the ultimate methane yield (Bo, litre CH4/g volatile solids fed (VSf)) were investigated using 4-litre batch fermenters. The average Bo for fermenters maintained at 30-60 degrees Celcius (at 5 degrees Celcius intervals) was 0.328 litre CH4/g VSf. The Bo at 65 degrees Celcius averaged 0.118 litre CH4g VSf, but this low yield was attributed to unstable fermentation rather than decreased substrate availability at that temperature. These results agreed well with Bo values estimated from daily-fed fermenters. Chlortetracycline and monensin did not affect Bo; however, monensin did delay the start of active fermentation in batch fermenters. The average Bo of manure from cattle fed 91.5, 40 and 7% corn silage were 0.173, 0.232 and 0.290 litre CH4/g VSf, respectively. The average Bo for 6-8 week old manure from a dirt feedlot was 0.210 litre CH4/g VSf. (Refs. 14).}
doi = {10.1016/0141-4607(81)90011-1}
journal = {Agric. Wastes; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {3:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1981}
month = {Oct}
}