Seventeen localities in the area contaminated by fluorine and its immediate vicinity were investigated. The malacocenoses in stagnant water and in the forest were most injured. Two hypothesis concerning the possible influence of hydrogen fluoride on the water-mollusks are advanced: direct effect, i.e., corrosion of the conch; and indirect effect - the HJ blocks the calcium and the only way out for the snails is to gnaw the conches. In the contaminated area the malacocenoses tend to show high dominance of one euryoecic species. 7 references.