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Literature review and assessment of various approaches to bioremediation of oil and associated hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater

Technical Report:

Abstract

A study was conducted of available techniques for the biological treatment of oil and associated hydrocarbon contamination in soil and groundwater. The study involved a detailed literature search and review, as well as discussions with the users and developers of a number of the bioremediation techniques assessed. The result is a compendium of selected state-of-the-art bioremediation technologies which can serve to guide the selection process for treatment technology for a particular site subject to remediation. Background is provided on the various classes of sites on which petroleum-related contamination could occur, and the nature of contaminants typical of such sites. The mechanisms of hydrocarbon biodegradation are outlined along with various approaches to bioremediation such as in-situ, on-site, bioreactors, landfarming, composting, and physical/chemical treatments. Field trials required to characterize the site and provide an indication of the suitability of bioremediation and the most appropriate bioremediation approach are described. Commercially available bioremediation technologies are briefly discussed. A number of the bioremedial techniques reviewed are compared to more conventional treatment processes in terms of such criteria as operating cost, effectiveness, advantages, risks, applicability, equipment and manpower requirements, and considerations regarding usage in Canadian conditions. 15 figs., 17 tabs.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SENES-94-00235-Vol.1; MICROLOG-94-00235
Reference Number:
CANM-94-0E8384; EDB-94-050151
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; OIL SPILLS; BIODEGRADATION; LAND POLLUTION CONTROL; WATER POLLUTION CONTROL; GROUND WATER; REVIEWS; SOILS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CONTROL; DECOMPOSITION; DOCUMENT TYPES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION CONTROL; WATER; 020900* - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
5415703
Research Organizations:
Senes Consultants Ltd., Richmond Hill, ON (Canada)
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: CNN: EMR 23440-1-9183/01-SQ
Availability:
PC Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Technical Information Division, 562 Booth St., Room 20-C, Ottawa, ON, CAN K1A 0G1; MF CANMET/TID, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 555 Booth St., Ottawa, Ont., Canada K1A 0G1 PC
Submitting Site:
CANM
Size:
Pages: (198 p)
Announcement Date:

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Not Available. Literature review and assessment of various approaches to bioremediation of oil and associated hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater. Canada: N. p., 1993. Web.
Not Available. Literature review and assessment of various approaches to bioremediation of oil and associated hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater. Canada.
Not Available. 1993. "Literature review and assessment of various approaches to bioremediation of oil and associated hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater." Canada.
@misc{etde_5415703,
title = {Literature review and assessment of various approaches to bioremediation of oil and associated hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater}
author = {Not Available}
abstractNote = {A study was conducted of available techniques for the biological treatment of oil and associated hydrocarbon contamination in soil and groundwater. The study involved a detailed literature search and review, as well as discussions with the users and developers of a number of the bioremediation techniques assessed. The result is a compendium of selected state-of-the-art bioremediation technologies which can serve to guide the selection process for treatment technology for a particular site subject to remediation. Background is provided on the various classes of sites on which petroleum-related contamination could occur, and the nature of contaminants typical of such sites. The mechanisms of hydrocarbon biodegradation are outlined along with various approaches to bioremediation such as in-situ, on-site, bioreactors, landfarming, composting, and physical/chemical treatments. Field trials required to characterize the site and provide an indication of the suitability of bioremediation and the most appropriate bioremediation approach are described. Commercially available bioremediation technologies are briefly discussed. A number of the bioremedial techniques reviewed are compared to more conventional treatment processes in terms of such criteria as operating cost, effectiveness, advantages, risks, applicability, equipment and manpower requirements, and considerations regarding usage in Canadian conditions. 15 figs., 17 tabs.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1993}
month = {Aug}
}