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The placing of the disinfection stage in a reclamation plant to reduce haloform formation

Journal Article:

Abstract

Chlorination of water containing organic matter leads to the formation of various volatile halogenated hydrocarbons (VHH). Various process configurations of a water reclamation plant were studied to determine the best position of the primary disinfection stage in the plant to achieve the greatest possible reduction of haloform concentration in the water distribution system. The pros and cons of ozone and chlorine as disinfectants were also investigated. Experiment methodology is explained. Results indicate that breakpoint chlorination ahead of two active carbon adsorption stages is the preferred process sequence and disinfectant to assure the lowest possible VHH production in the distribution system. (3 diagrams, 1 drawing, 8 graphs, 54 references, 2 tables)
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1979
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-80-067856
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Water SA; (South Africa); Journal Volume: 5:4
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; WATER POLLUTION CONTROL; WASTE WATER; DISINFECTANTS; CHLORINE; HYDROCARBONS; INFECTIVITY; OZONE; RECYCLING; WATER TREATMENT; ELEMENTS; GERMICIDES; HALOGENS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LIQUID WASTES; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION CONTROL; WASTES; WATER; 520200* - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 420900 - Engineering- Waste Processing Plants & Equipment- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5368627
Research Organizations:
Water Research Commission, Pretoria
Country of Origin:
South Africa
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: WASAD
Submitting Site:
ESI
Size:
Pages: 178-188
Announcement Date:
Jun 01, 1980

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Hart, O O. The placing of the disinfection stage in a reclamation plant to reduce haloform formation. South Africa: N. p., 1979. Web.
Hart, O O. The placing of the disinfection stage in a reclamation plant to reduce haloform formation. South Africa.
Hart, O O. 1979. "The placing of the disinfection stage in a reclamation plant to reduce haloform formation." South Africa.
@misc{etde_5368627,
title = {The placing of the disinfection stage in a reclamation plant to reduce haloform formation}
author = {Hart, O O}
abstractNote = {Chlorination of water containing organic matter leads to the formation of various volatile halogenated hydrocarbons (VHH). Various process configurations of a water reclamation plant were studied to determine the best position of the primary disinfection stage in the plant to achieve the greatest possible reduction of haloform concentration in the water distribution system. The pros and cons of ozone and chlorine as disinfectants were also investigated. Experiment methodology is explained. Results indicate that breakpoint chlorination ahead of two active carbon adsorption stages is the preferred process sequence and disinfectant to assure the lowest possible VHH production in the distribution system. (3 diagrams, 1 drawing, 8 graphs, 54 references, 2 tables)}
journal = {Water SA; (South Africa)}
volume = {5:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {South Africa}
year = {1979}
month = {Oct}
}