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Trends in radioisotope development and utilization in the United States

Conference:

Abstract

The current trends in radioisotope and radiation technology in the United States are overviewed with emphasis on the developments since the 1973 Conference. The comments focus primarily on the research and development activities receiving the most attention today from the various agencies of the Government. Among the many available radionuclides, technetium-99m has played the single most important role for making possible the developments in the field of nuclear medicine. Many other short lived medium-lived nuclides are applied in the fields of nuclear medicine, cardiac pacemaker, artificial heart, and blood irradiator. Radiation processing is now firmly established in the United States. The trends in sewage treatment, polymer-impregnated materials, bioengineering, and food irradiation are reviewed. The programs for californium-252, strontium-90, cesium-137, plutonium-238, and krypton-85 are also reviewed. The author concludes this paper with the acknowledgement that Japanese researchers have contributed to and have been closely involved in many of the programs discussed. Of particular note is the participation in the clinical phase of the californium-252 radiotherapy program. Several Japanese hospitals have been cooperating with the United States since the very beginning of the californium-252 program in determining the value of the californium-252 neutron therapy. The research being performed is unique, and will  More>>
Authors:
Mott, W E [1] 
  1. Energy Research and Development Administration, Washington, D.C. (USA)
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1976
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
AIX-08-332702; EDB-78-022438
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proc. Jpn. Conf. Radioisot.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 12; Conference: 12. Japan conference on radioisotopes, Tokyo, Japan, 26 Nov 1975
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; REVIEWS; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; USA; CALIFORNIUM 252; CARDIAC PACEMAKERS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; DIAGNOSIS; FOOD; IRRADIATION DEVICES; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; PLUTONIUM; POLYMERS; RADIATION CHEMISTRY; RADIATION SOURCES; RADIOISOTOPES; RADIOTHERAPY; USES; WASTE PROCESSING; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ACTINIDES; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CALIFORNIUM ISOTOPES; CHEMISTRY; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELEMENTS; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; MANAGEMENT; MEDICINE; METALS; NORTH AMERICA; NUCLEI; PROCESSING; RADIOLOGY; THERAPY; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems; 400703* - Radiochemistry & Nuclear Chemistry- Radioisotope Production; 070202 - Radiation Sources- Use in Food Processing- (-1987); 070204 - Radiation Sources- Industrial Uses, Radiometric; 550601 - Medicine- Unsealed Radionuclides in Diagnostics
OSTI ID:
5360137
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: JCRDA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 42-59
Announcement Date:
Dec 01, 1977

Conference:

Citation Formats

Mott, W E. Trends in radioisotope development and utilization in the United States. Japan: N. p., 1976. Web.
Mott, W E. Trends in radioisotope development and utilization in the United States. Japan.
Mott, W E. 1976. "Trends in radioisotope development and utilization in the United States." Japan.
@misc{etde_5360137,
title = {Trends in radioisotope development and utilization in the United States}
author = {Mott, W E}
abstractNote = {The current trends in radioisotope and radiation technology in the United States are overviewed with emphasis on the developments since the 1973 Conference. The comments focus primarily on the research and development activities receiving the most attention today from the various agencies of the Government. Among the many available radionuclides, technetium-99m has played the single most important role for making possible the developments in the field of nuclear medicine. Many other short lived medium-lived nuclides are applied in the fields of nuclear medicine, cardiac pacemaker, artificial heart, and blood irradiator. Radiation processing is now firmly established in the United States. The trends in sewage treatment, polymer-impregnated materials, bioengineering, and food irradiation are reviewed. The programs for californium-252, strontium-90, cesium-137, plutonium-238, and krypton-85 are also reviewed. The author concludes this paper with the acknowledgement that Japanese researchers have contributed to and have been closely involved in many of the programs discussed. Of particular note is the participation in the clinical phase of the californium-252 radiotherapy program. Several Japanese hospitals have been cooperating with the United States since the very beginning of the californium-252 program in determining the value of the californium-252 neutron therapy. The research being performed is unique, and will contribute greatly to the decisions on the ultimate future of californium-252 for therapeutic purposes.}
journal = {Proc. Jpn. Conf. Radioisot.; (Japan)}
volume = {12}
place = {Japan}
year = {1976}
month = {Jun}
}