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Recovery of light oil from organic materials

Patent:

Abstract

To recover a high percentage of light oil from organic materials, such as crude oil, shale, and the like, the raw material, as crude oil, is vaporized in a still. The vapors are passed into a converter constructed of zinc, nickel, and lead, or sherardized steel, and contain lime and zinc chloride or zinc oxide and are agitated by paddles. The gases react under pressure which is maintained therein and gradually increased, as the temperatures in the still and converter are both gradually increased, so that after the gases have been condensed an odorless high grade light oil is produced. A pressure of from 2 to 10 lb per square inch is maintained in the converter by means of an expansion valve of the needle type, which is located in the vapor outlet pipe between the converter and the condenser. In a modified form of apparatus, a dephlegmator is located between the converter and the condenser.
Publication Date:
Oct 04, 1927
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
AU 9692
Reference Number:
EDB-78-019965
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; FUEL OILS; PRODUCTION; OIL SHALES; EVAPORATION; PETROLEUM; DESIGN; DISTILLATION; GASES; HYDROCARBONS; ODOR; OILS; PETROLEUM DISTILLATES; RECOVERY; VAPORS; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; DISTILLATES; ENERGY SOURCES; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANOLEPTIC PROPERTIES; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM FRACTIONS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; 020400* - Petroleum- Processing; 040402 - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Surface Methods
OSTI ID:
5316734
Country of Origin:
Australia
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Patent:

Citation Formats

Schultz, E, and Schultz, E L. Recovery of light oil from organic materials. Australia: N. p., 1927. Web.
Schultz, E, & Schultz, E L. Recovery of light oil from organic materials. Australia.
Schultz, E, and Schultz, E L. 1927. "Recovery of light oil from organic materials." Australia.
@misc{etde_5316734,
title = {Recovery of light oil from organic materials}
author = {Schultz, E, and Schultz, E L}
abstractNote = {To recover a high percentage of light oil from organic materials, such as crude oil, shale, and the like, the raw material, as crude oil, is vaporized in a still. The vapors are passed into a converter constructed of zinc, nickel, and lead, or sherardized steel, and contain lime and zinc chloride or zinc oxide and are agitated by paddles. The gases react under pressure which is maintained therein and gradually increased, as the temperatures in the still and converter are both gradually increased, so that after the gases have been condensed an odorless high grade light oil is produced. A pressure of from 2 to 10 lb per square inch is maintained in the converter by means of an expansion valve of the needle type, which is located in the vapor outlet pipe between the converter and the condenser. In a modified form of apparatus, a dephlegmator is located between the converter and the condenser.}
place = {Australia}
year = {1927}
month = {Oct}
}