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Remote sensing of coastal fronts and their effects on oil dispersion

Abstract

The use of remote sensing techniques to determine the properties of coastal and estuarine fronts, which represent regions of discontinuities and high gradients in ocean physical parameters such as velocity and density, and to assess the influence of such fronts on oil pollutants is discussed. Results of an aircraft and boat verification study of an oil drift and spread model in Delaware Bay are indicated which illustrate the tendency of oil slicks to be attracted to frontal regions, where a denser fluid underlies a lighter fluid giving rise to an inclined interface with convergence zones. Landsat imagery of the bay acquired in order to incorporate frontal information into the interactive computer model is then presented which allows the locations of coastal fronts to be charted throughout a tidal cycle. It is noted that satellite observations of flood-associated fronts on the New Jersey side of the bay and ebb-associated fronts on the Delaware side agree with boat measurements and model predictions, and that the remote tracking of fronts by aircraft and satellites will aid in oil slick clean-up operations.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1980
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-130996
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Int. J. Remote Sens.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 1
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 02 PETROLEUM; OIL SPILLS; REMOTE SENSING; PETROLEUM; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; WATER POLLUTION; AERIAL MONITORING; COASTAL REGIONS; DELAWARE; DIFFUSION; ESTUARIES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; MONITORING; NEW JERSEY; ENERGY SOURCES; FEDERAL REGION II; FEDERAL REGION III; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; MASS TRANSFER; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION; SURFACE WATERS; USA; 520200* - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 020900 - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
5302572
Research Organizations:
Delaware, University, Newark, Del.
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: IJSED
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 11-28
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Klemas, V. Remote sensing of coastal fronts and their effects on oil dispersion. United Kingdom: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.1080/01431168008948208.
Klemas, V. Remote sensing of coastal fronts and their effects on oil dispersion. United Kingdom. doi:10.1080/01431168008948208.
Klemas, V. 1980. "Remote sensing of coastal fronts and their effects on oil dispersion." United Kingdom. doi:10.1080/01431168008948208. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1080/01431168008948208.
@misc{etde_5302572,
title = {Remote sensing of coastal fronts and their effects on oil dispersion}
author = {Klemas, V}
abstractNote = {The use of remote sensing techniques to determine the properties of coastal and estuarine fronts, which represent regions of discontinuities and high gradients in ocean physical parameters such as velocity and density, and to assess the influence of such fronts on oil pollutants is discussed. Results of an aircraft and boat verification study of an oil drift and spread model in Delaware Bay are indicated which illustrate the tendency of oil slicks to be attracted to frontal regions, where a denser fluid underlies a lighter fluid giving rise to an inclined interface with convergence zones. Landsat imagery of the bay acquired in order to incorporate frontal information into the interactive computer model is then presented which allows the locations of coastal fronts to be charted throughout a tidal cycle. It is noted that satellite observations of flood-associated fronts on the New Jersey side of the bay and ebb-associated fronts on the Delaware side agree with boat measurements and model predictions, and that the remote tracking of fronts by aircraft and satellites will aid in oil slick clean-up operations.}
doi = {10.1080/01431168008948208}
journal = {Int. J. Remote Sens.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1980}
month = {Jan}
}