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Design parameters and operating characteristics of animal waste anaerobic digestion systems - swine and poultry

Abstract

The development and validation of a comprehensive dynamic simulation model of the anaerobic fermentation of animal waste have been described by Hill. This model has proved to be highly accurate, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in predicting the steady-state methane productivity of conventional fermentation plants and in simulating the transient-state response of semi-batch fed digesters. Simulation studies using this model have been performed and results have been used to develop design recommendations for steady-state operations. These simulation studies have also produced a start-up procedure that will ensure successful initial operation of the digestion system and, more importantly, have allowed determination of the operational techniques that will provide recovery from failure due to organic overloading or excessively short detention time. This paper describes the results of these studies for swine and poultry (caged layer) waste and presents the design recommendations and operating techniques developed from the simulations. (Refs. 11).
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1983
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-034540
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Agric. Wastes; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 5:3
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOREACTORS; DESIGN; MANURES; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; METHANE; BIOSYNTHESIS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FOWL; GAS YIELDS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; SWINE; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ALKANES; ANIMALS; BIOCONVERSION; BIRDS; DIGESTION; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; HYDROCARBONS; MAMMALS; MANAGEMENT; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC WASTES; PROCESSING; SIMULATION; SYNTHESIS; VERTEBRATES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; YIELDS; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5282455
Research Organizations:
Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn Univ., AL 36849, USA
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: AGWAD
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 157-178
Announcement Date:
Nov 01, 1983

Citation Formats

Hill, D T. Design parameters and operating characteristics of animal waste anaerobic digestion systems - swine and poultry. United Kingdom: N. p., 1983. Web. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(83)90081-1.
Hill, D T. Design parameters and operating characteristics of animal waste anaerobic digestion systems - swine and poultry. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(83)90081-1.
Hill, D T. 1983. "Design parameters and operating characteristics of animal waste anaerobic digestion systems - swine and poultry." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0141-4607(83)90081-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0141-4607(83)90081-1.
@misc{etde_5282455,
title = {Design parameters and operating characteristics of animal waste anaerobic digestion systems - swine and poultry}
author = {Hill, D T}
abstractNote = {The development and validation of a comprehensive dynamic simulation model of the anaerobic fermentation of animal waste have been described by Hill. This model has proved to be highly accurate, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in predicting the steady-state methane productivity of conventional fermentation plants and in simulating the transient-state response of semi-batch fed digesters. Simulation studies using this model have been performed and results have been used to develop design recommendations for steady-state operations. These simulation studies have also produced a start-up procedure that will ensure successful initial operation of the digestion system and, more importantly, have allowed determination of the operational techniques that will provide recovery from failure due to organic overloading or excessively short detention time. This paper describes the results of these studies for swine and poultry (caged layer) waste and presents the design recommendations and operating techniques developed from the simulations. (Refs. 11).}
doi = {10.1016/0141-4607(83)90081-1}
journal = {Agric. Wastes; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {5:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1983}
month = {Jan}
}