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Worldwide potential of wind energy

Journal Article:

Abstract

A well-documented discussion is presented dealing with the worldwide potential of wind energy as a source of electrical and mechanical power. It is pointed out that 2% of the solar insolation is converted to wind kinetic energy; it is constantly renewed and nondepletable. Efficiency of windmills are discussed (20 to 40%) and payback periods of less than 5 years are cited. Effects of wind velocity and site location are described. Wind pumps are reviewed and the need for wind pumps, particularly in the developing countries is stressed. The generation of electricity by windmills using small turbines is reviewed and appears promising in areas with wind velocities greater than 12 mi/hr. The development of large windmills and groups of windmills (windfarms) for large scale electrical power is discussed, illustrated, and reviewed (offshore sites included). Environmental and safety problems are considered as well as the role of electrical utilities, government support and research activities. It is concluded that the potential contribution of wind energy is immense and that mechanical windmills may become one of the most important renewable technologies. Electrical generating potential is estimated at 20 to 30% of electrical needs. International programs are discussed briefly. 57 references. (MJJ)
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1982
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-123804
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Interciencia; (Venezuela); Journal Volume: 7:1
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; WIND POWER; RESOURCE ASSESSMENT; USES; WIND POWER PLANTS; DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS; PLANNING; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; OFFSHORE SITES; PAYBACK PERIOD; POWER GENERATION; SITE SELECTION; SITE SURVEYS; WIND TURBINES; WIND-POWERED PUMPS; ECONOMICS; ENERGY SOURCES; MACHINERY; POWER; POWER PLANTS; PUMPS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; TURBINES; TURBOMACHINERY; 170601* - Wind Energy Engineering- Applications; 170500 - Wind Energy- Environmental Aspects; 170400 - Wind Energy- Economic, Industrial, & Business Aspects; 299003 - Energy Planning & Policy- Unconventional Sources & Power Generation- Other- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5281156
Research Organizations:
Worldwatch Inst., Washington, DC
Country of Origin:
Venezuela
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ITRCD
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 9-18
Announcement Date:
Aug 01, 1982

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Flavin, C. Worldwide potential of wind energy. Venezuela: N. p., 1982. Web.
Flavin, C. Worldwide potential of wind energy. Venezuela.
Flavin, C. 1982. "Worldwide potential of wind energy." Venezuela.
@misc{etde_5281156,
title = {Worldwide potential of wind energy}
author = {Flavin, C}
abstractNote = {A well-documented discussion is presented dealing with the worldwide potential of wind energy as a source of electrical and mechanical power. It is pointed out that 2% of the solar insolation is converted to wind kinetic energy; it is constantly renewed and nondepletable. Efficiency of windmills are discussed (20 to 40%) and payback periods of less than 5 years are cited. Effects of wind velocity and site location are described. Wind pumps are reviewed and the need for wind pumps, particularly in the developing countries is stressed. The generation of electricity by windmills using small turbines is reviewed and appears promising in areas with wind velocities greater than 12 mi/hr. The development of large windmills and groups of windmills (windfarms) for large scale electrical power is discussed, illustrated, and reviewed (offshore sites included). Environmental and safety problems are considered as well as the role of electrical utilities, government support and research activities. It is concluded that the potential contribution of wind energy is immense and that mechanical windmills may become one of the most important renewable technologies. Electrical generating potential is estimated at 20 to 30% of electrical needs. International programs are discussed briefly. 57 references. (MJJ)}
journal = {Interciencia; (Venezuela)}
volume = {7:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Venezuela}
year = {1982}
month = {Jan}
}