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Control of dust hazards in mines

Journal Article:

Abstract

This paper analyzes health hazards associated with air pollution by respirable coal dust which causes pneumoconioses. The following directions in pneumoconioses prevention are discussed: improved protective systems (e.g. respirators), mining schemes optimized from a health hazards point of view, correct determination of the maximum permissible level of respirable dusts, reducing working time. Safety regulations in the USSR on the critical amount of coal dust in the miner respiratory system are insufficient as the 20 g limit is too high and does not guarantee safety. Using regression analysis influence of the factors which cause pneumoconioses is analyzed. This influence is described by an equation which considers the following factors: number of shifts associated with contact of a miner with coal dusts, dust concentration in mine air, amount of air with coal dust being respirated, miner's age, years as miner, coal rank. It is stated that use of the proposed equation (derived by computer calculations) permits the safe working time to be correctly determined considering all factors which cause pneumoconioses.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-119383
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Ugol' Ukr.; (Ukrainian SSR); Journal Volume: 9
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL MINERS; PNEUMOCONIOSES; UNDERGROUND MINING; DUSTS; HEALTH HAZARDS; AGE DEPENDENCE; COAL MINES; COAL RANK; COMPUTER CALCULATIONS; CORRELATIONS; EQUATIONS; FORECASTING; MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE INTAKE; OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY; PARTICLE SIZE; QUANTITY RATIO; RECOMMENDATIONS; REGRESSION ANALYSIS; RESPIRATORS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; SAFETY STANDARDS; TIME DEPENDENCE; USSR; VOLATILE MATTER; WORKING CONDITIONS; ASIA; DISEASES; EASTERN EUROPE; EUROPE; HAZARDS; MATHEMATICS; MATTER; MINERS; MINES; MINING; PERSONNEL; SAFETY; SIZE; STANDARDS; STATISTICS; UNDERGROUND FACILITIES; 016000* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Health & Safety; 012000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Mining
OSTI ID:
5270172
Country of Origin:
Ukraine
Language:
Russian
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: UGOUA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 34-36
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Sukhanov, V V. Control of dust hazards in mines. Ukraine: N. p., 1981. Web.
Sukhanov, V V. Control of dust hazards in mines. Ukraine.
Sukhanov, V V. 1981. "Control of dust hazards in mines." Ukraine.
@misc{etde_5270172,
title = {Control of dust hazards in mines}
author = {Sukhanov, V V}
abstractNote = {This paper analyzes health hazards associated with air pollution by respirable coal dust which causes pneumoconioses. The following directions in pneumoconioses prevention are discussed: improved protective systems (e.g. respirators), mining schemes optimized from a health hazards point of view, correct determination of the maximum permissible level of respirable dusts, reducing working time. Safety regulations in the USSR on the critical amount of coal dust in the miner respiratory system are insufficient as the 20 g limit is too high and does not guarantee safety. Using regression analysis influence of the factors which cause pneumoconioses is analyzed. This influence is described by an equation which considers the following factors: number of shifts associated with contact of a miner with coal dusts, dust concentration in mine air, amount of air with coal dust being respirated, miner's age, years as miner, coal rank. It is stated that use of the proposed equation (derived by computer calculations) permits the safe working time to be correctly determined considering all factors which cause pneumoconioses.}
journal = {Ugol' Ukr.; (Ukrainian SSR)}
volume = {9}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Ukraine}
year = {1981}
month = {Sep}
}