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Human exposure to nickel

Journal Article:

Abstract

In order of abundance in the earth's crust, nickel ranks as the 24th element and has been detected in different media in all parts of the biosphere. Thus, humans are constantly exposed to this ubiquitous element, though in variable amounts. Occupational exposures may lead to the retention of 100 micrograms of nickel per day. Environmental nickel levels depend particularly on natural sources, pollution from nickel-manufacturing industries and airborne particles from combustion of fossil fuels. Absorption from atmospheric nickel pollution is of minor concern. Vegetables usually contain more nickel than do other food items. Certain products, such as baking powder and cocoa powder, have been found to contain excessive amounts of nickel, perhaps related to nickel leaching during the manufacturing process. Soft drinking-water and acid beverages may dissolve nickel from pipes and containers. Scattered studies indicate a highly variable dietary intake of nickel, but most averages are about 200-300 micrograms/day. In addition, skin contact to a multitude of metal objects may be of significance to the large number of individuals suffering from contact dermatitis and nickel allergy. Finally, nickel alloys are often used in nails and prostheses for orthopaedic surgery, and various sources may contaminate intravenous fluids. Thus, human nickel exposure  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1984
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
NLM-85-81478; EDB-85-159472
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: IARC Sci. Publ.; (France)
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; NICKEL; HEALTH HAZARDS; POLLUTION SOURCES; ALLERGY; BEVERAGES; DIET; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; INTAKE; INTESTINAL ABSORPTION; LEACHING; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; SKIN ABSORPTION; TOXICITY; ABSORPTION; DISSOLUTION; ELEMENTS; FOOD; HAZARDS; METALS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; UPTAKE; 560305* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5261563
Research Organizations:
Odense Univ., Denmark
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: IARCC
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 469-485
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Grandjean, P. Human exposure to nickel. France: N. p., 1984. Web.
Grandjean, P. Human exposure to nickel. France.
Grandjean, P. 1984. "Human exposure to nickel." France.
@misc{etde_5261563,
title = {Human exposure to nickel}
author = {Grandjean, P}
abstractNote = {In order of abundance in the earth's crust, nickel ranks as the 24th element and has been detected in different media in all parts of the biosphere. Thus, humans are constantly exposed to this ubiquitous element, though in variable amounts. Occupational exposures may lead to the retention of 100 micrograms of nickel per day. Environmental nickel levels depend particularly on natural sources, pollution from nickel-manufacturing industries and airborne particles from combustion of fossil fuels. Absorption from atmospheric nickel pollution is of minor concern. Vegetables usually contain more nickel than do other food items. Certain products, such as baking powder and cocoa powder, have been found to contain excessive amounts of nickel, perhaps related to nickel leaching during the manufacturing process. Soft drinking-water and acid beverages may dissolve nickel from pipes and containers. Scattered studies indicate a highly variable dietary intake of nickel, but most averages are about 200-300 micrograms/day. In addition, skin contact to a multitude of metal objects may be of significance to the large number of individuals suffering from contact dermatitis and nickel allergy. Finally, nickel alloys are often used in nails and prostheses for orthopaedic surgery, and various sources may contaminate intravenous fluids. Thus, human nickel exposure originates from a variety of sources and is highly variable. Occupational nickel exposure is of major significance, and leaching of nickel may add to dietary intakes and to cutaneous exposures. 79 references.}
journal = {IARC Sci. Publ.; (France)}
journal type = {AC}
place = {France}
year = {1984}
month = {Jan}
}