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Radioisotope detection with tandem electrostatic accelerators

Abstract

An MP tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at the University of Rochester has been employed since May 1977 to detect /sup 14/C in terrestrial samples, /sup 36/Cl in terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples and /sup 10/Be and /sup 26/Al in samples produced by reactor and accelerator irradiation. The sample sizes ranged from about 10 to less than 1 mg and the ratio of the radioisotope to the stable isotopes approached one part in 10/sup 16/ for /sup 14/C and /sup 36/Cl and one part in 10/sup 14/ for /sup 10/Be and /sup 26/Al. /sup 14/C has been measured in a number of samples of geological and archaelogical interest. /sup 36/Cl has been measured in various groundwater samples as well as samples at Antarctic meteorites and ice. Dedicated systems for /sup 14/C dating and geological measurements based on the tandem electrostatic accelerator principle are presently under construction for laboratories in the U.S.A., U.K. and Canada.
Authors:
Gove, H E; Elmore, D; Ferraro, R; [1]  Beukens, R P; Chang, K H; Kilius, L R; Lee, H W; Litherland, A E; [2]  Purser, K H [3] 
  1. Rochester Univ., NY (USA). Nuclear Structure Research Lab.
  2. Toronto Univ., Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Physics
  3. General Ionex Corp., Newburyport, MA (USA)
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1980
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
AIX-11-532139; EDB-80-086933
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nucl. Instrum. Methods; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 168:1-3; Conference: 4. international conference on ion beam analysis, Aarhus, Denmark, 25 - 29 Jun 1979
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; ISOTOPE DATING; ALUMINIUM 26; BERYLLIUM 10; CARBON 14; CHLORINE 36; GEOLOGY; GROUND WATER; ICE; METEORITES; RADIATION DETECTION; VAN DE GRAAFF ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; AGE ESTIMATION; ALKALINE EARTH ISOTOPES; ALUMINIUM ISOTOPES; BERYLLIUM ISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-PLUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CARBON ISOTOPES; CHLORINE ISOTOPES; DETECTION; ECOSYSTEMS; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; ELECTROSTATIC ACCELERATORS; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIOISOTOPES; SECONDS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; WATER; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 580100* - Geology & Hydrology- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5259937
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: NUIMA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 425-433
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Gove, H E, Elmore, D, Ferraro, R, Beukens, R P, Chang, K H, Kilius, L R, Lee, H W, Litherland, A E, and Purser, K H. Radioisotope detection with tandem electrostatic accelerators. Netherlands: N. p., 1980. Web.
Gove, H E, Elmore, D, Ferraro, R, Beukens, R P, Chang, K H, Kilius, L R, Lee, H W, Litherland, A E, & Purser, K H. Radioisotope detection with tandem electrostatic accelerators. Netherlands.
Gove, H E, Elmore, D, Ferraro, R, Beukens, R P, Chang, K H, Kilius, L R, Lee, H W, Litherland, A E, and Purser, K H. 1980. "Radioisotope detection with tandem electrostatic accelerators." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_5259937,
title = {Radioisotope detection with tandem electrostatic accelerators}
author = {Gove, H E, Elmore, D, Ferraro, R, Beukens, R P, Chang, K H, Kilius, L R, Lee, H W, Litherland, A E, and Purser, K H}
abstractNote = {An MP tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at the University of Rochester has been employed since May 1977 to detect /sup 14/C in terrestrial samples, /sup 36/Cl in terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples and /sup 10/Be and /sup 26/Al in samples produced by reactor and accelerator irradiation. The sample sizes ranged from about 10 to less than 1 mg and the ratio of the radioisotope to the stable isotopes approached one part in 10/sup 16/ for /sup 14/C and /sup 36/Cl and one part in 10/sup 14/ for /sup 10/Be and /sup 26/Al. /sup 14/C has been measured in a number of samples of geological and archaelogical interest. /sup 36/Cl has been measured in various groundwater samples as well as samples at Antarctic meteorites and ice. Dedicated systems for /sup 14/C dating and geological measurements based on the tandem electrostatic accelerator principle are presently under construction for laboratories in the U.S.A., U.K. and Canada.}
journal = {Nucl. Instrum. Methods; (Netherlands)}
volume = {168:1-3}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1980}
month = {Jan}
}