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Delayed effects occurring within the first decade after exposure of young individuals to the Hiroshima atomic bomb

Technical Report:

Abstract

The review of the literature and the data presented in this report describe the late effects of exposure of young subjects to ionizing radiation or to nuclear weapons as known in the early part of 1955. The new information may be useful in the further definition of the tolerance of humans to ionizing radiation. In 6 years ending in December 1954, 19 persons who were within 2100 meters of the hypocenter have developed leukemia before attaining the age of 19 years. The annual incidence of this disease among those who were within 1500 meters and who were younger than 19 years of age at the time of exposure is 1:1000. There are no cataracts that impair vision among the present pediatic group. An increased incidence of a mild visual disability, the cause of which is thus far indefinite, has been found among those now 16 through 19 years of age who were within 1800 meters of the bomb center. The incidence of chronic otitis media is the same for the 2 exposure groups, as are the means of the hematologic values for the patients with this ailment. There is no increase in the tumor incidence of the exposed children as  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1956
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ABCC-32-59
Reference Number:
EDB-84-058037
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; A-BOMB SURVIVORS; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; CHILDREN; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; EYES; HIROSHIMA; LEUKEMIA; AGE GROUPS; ASIA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; BODY; BODY AREAS; DISEASES; FACE; HEAD; HEMIC DISEASES; HUMAN POPULATIONS; JAPAN; NEOPLASMS; ORGANS; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; SENSE ORGANS; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man; 560161 - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Man
OSTI ID:
5239797
Research Organizations:
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Hiroshima (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese and English
Contract Number:
AC01-76EV03081
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE84008421
Availability:
NTIS, PC A03/MF A01.
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 34
Announcement Date:

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Miller, R W. Delayed effects occurring within the first decade after exposure of young individuals to the Hiroshima atomic bomb. Japan: N. p., 1956. Web.
Miller, R W. Delayed effects occurring within the first decade after exposure of young individuals to the Hiroshima atomic bomb. Japan.
Miller, R W. 1956. "Delayed effects occurring within the first decade after exposure of young individuals to the Hiroshima atomic bomb." Japan.
@misc{etde_5239797,
title = {Delayed effects occurring within the first decade after exposure of young individuals to the Hiroshima atomic bomb}
author = {Miller, R W}
abstractNote = {The review of the literature and the data presented in this report describe the late effects of exposure of young subjects to ionizing radiation or to nuclear weapons as known in the early part of 1955. The new information may be useful in the further definition of the tolerance of humans to ionizing radiation. In 6 years ending in December 1954, 19 persons who were within 2100 meters of the hypocenter have developed leukemia before attaining the age of 19 years. The annual incidence of this disease among those who were within 1500 meters and who were younger than 19 years of age at the time of exposure is 1:1000. There are no cataracts that impair vision among the present pediatic group. An increased incidence of a mild visual disability, the cause of which is thus far indefinite, has been found among those now 16 through 19 years of age who were within 1800 meters of the bomb center. The incidence of chronic otitis media is the same for the 2 exposure groups, as are the means of the hematologic values for the patients with this ailment. There is no increase in the tumor incidence of the exposed children as compared with the nonexposed. There are no data to prove it, but the impression is that among the survivors the fear of late effects may be common and potentially disabling. Of those 19 years of age and younger, there were 2771 within 3000 meters of the hypocenter at the time of detonation of the bomb who were examined in 1954. Twenty-four of these had sequelae of the blast or thermal effects of the bomb other than well-heated scars. No other abnormalities related to atomic bomb exposure have been identified.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1956}
month = {Jan}
}