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Elimination of two reef-building hydrocorals following the 1982-83 El Nino warming event

Abstract

One probable extinction and one range reduction of eastern Pacific reef-building hydrocoral ({ital Millepora}) species mark the first documented cases of species eliminations resulting from the worldwide 1980s coral reef bleaching events. Two of 12 Panamanian coral species were eliminated suddenly from their former ranges by prolonged high sea temperatures during the 1982-83 El Nino-Southern Oscillation event. Three conditions contributed to their demise: high sensitivity to sea warming, populations confined to a small geographic area, and bathymetric restriction to the euphotic zone ({le}20 meters depth) where El Nino sea warming had its greatest effect.
Authors:
Glynn, P W; De Weerdt, W H [1] 
  1. University of Miami, Miami, FL (USA). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries
Publication Date:
Jul 05, 1991
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
CLA-91-110724; EDB-91-147879
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Science (Washington, D.C.); (United States); Journal Volume: 253:5015
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CORALS; BIOLOGICAL EXTINCTION; SOUTHERN OSCILLATION; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; PACIFIC OCEAN; REEFS; ANIMALS; CNIDARIA; COELENTERATA; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; INVERTEBRATES; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; 540310* - Environment, Aquatic- Basic Studies- (1990-)
OSTI ID:
5193360
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075; CODEN: SCIEA
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
Pages: 69-71
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Glynn, P W, and De Weerdt, W H. Elimination of two reef-building hydrocorals following the 1982-83 El Nino warming event. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1126/science.253.5015.69.
Glynn, P W, & De Weerdt, W H. Elimination of two reef-building hydrocorals following the 1982-83 El Nino warming event. United States. doi:10.1126/science.253.5015.69.
Glynn, P W, and De Weerdt, W H. 1991. "Elimination of two reef-building hydrocorals following the 1982-83 El Nino warming event." United States. doi:10.1126/science.253.5015.69. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1126/science.253.5015.69.
@misc{etde_5193360,
title = {Elimination of two reef-building hydrocorals following the 1982-83 El Nino warming event}
author = {Glynn, P W, and De Weerdt, W H}
abstractNote = {One probable extinction and one range reduction of eastern Pacific reef-building hydrocoral ({ital Millepora}) species mark the first documented cases of species eliminations resulting from the worldwide 1980s coral reef bleaching events. Two of 12 Panamanian coral species were eliminated suddenly from their former ranges by prolonged high sea temperatures during the 1982-83 El Nino-Southern Oscillation event. Three conditions contributed to their demise: high sensitivity to sea warming, populations confined to a small geographic area, and bathymetric restriction to the euphotic zone ({le}20 meters depth) where El Nino sea warming had its greatest effect.}
doi = {10.1126/science.253.5015.69}
journal = {Science (Washington, D.C.); (United States)}
volume = {253:5015}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {1991}
month = {Jul}
}