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Statistical aspects of tumor registries, Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Technical Report:

Abstract

Statistical considerations are presented on the tumor registries established for purpose of studying radiation induced carcinoma in Hiroshima and Nagasaki by observing tumors developing in the survivors of these cities. In addition to describing the background and purpose of the tumor registries the report consists of two parts: (1) accuracy of reported tumor cases and (2) statistical aspects of the incidence of tumors based both on a current population and on a fixed sample. Under the heading background, discussion includes the difficulties in attaining complete registration; the various problems associated with the tumor registries; and the special characteristics of tumor registries in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Beye's a posteriori probability formula was applied to the Type I and Type II errors in the autopsy data of Hiroshima ABCC. (Type I, diagnosis of what is not cancer as cancer; Type II, diagnosis of what is cancer as noncancer.) Finally, the report discussed the difficulties in estimating a current population of survivors; the advantages and disadvantages of analyses based on a fixed sample and on an estimated current population; the comparison of incidence rates based on these populations using the 20 months' data of the tumor registry in Hiroshima; and the sample size  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Feb 24, 1961
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ABCC-03-60
Reference Number:
EDB-84-057928
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; A-BOMB SURVIVORS; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; NEOPLASMS; RADIOINDUCTION; STATISTICS; CARCINOMAS; HIROSHIMA; INVENTORIES; MORTALITY; NAGASAKI; RADIATION HAZARDS; ASIA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; DISEASES; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; JAPAN; MATHEMATICS; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man; 560161 - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Man
OSTI ID:
5174983
Research Organizations:
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Hiroshima (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese and English
Contract Number:
AC01-76EV03081
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE84008104
Availability:
NTIS, PC A02/MF A01.
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 22
Announcement Date:

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Ishida, M. Statistical aspects of tumor registries, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan: N. p., 1961. Web.
Ishida, M. Statistical aspects of tumor registries, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan.
Ishida, M. 1961. "Statistical aspects of tumor registries, Hiroshima and Nagasaki." Japan.
@misc{etde_5174983,
title = {Statistical aspects of tumor registries, Hiroshima and Nagasaki}
author = {Ishida, M}
abstractNote = {Statistical considerations are presented on the tumor registries established for purpose of studying radiation induced carcinoma in Hiroshima and Nagasaki by observing tumors developing in the survivors of these cities. In addition to describing the background and purpose of the tumor registries the report consists of two parts: (1) accuracy of reported tumor cases and (2) statistical aspects of the incidence of tumors based both on a current population and on a fixed sample. Under the heading background, discussion includes the difficulties in attaining complete registration; the various problems associated with the tumor registries; and the special characteristics of tumor registries in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Beye's a posteriori probability formula was applied to the Type I and Type II errors in the autopsy data of Hiroshima ABCC. (Type I, diagnosis of what is not cancer as cancer; Type II, diagnosis of what is cancer as noncancer.) Finally, the report discussed the difficulties in estimating a current population of survivors; the advantages and disadvantages of analyses based on a fixed sample and on an estimated current population; the comparison of incidence rates based on these populations using the 20 months' data of the tumor registry in Hiroshima; and the sample size required for studying radiation induced carcinoma. 10 references, 1 figure, 8 tables.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1961}
month = {Feb}
}