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Plutonium contents of broadleaf vegetable crops grown near a nuclear fuel chemical separations facility

Journal Article:

Abstract

Among agricultural crops, broadleaf vegetables are particularly prone to intercept and retain aerially released contaminants. The plutonium concentration of four broadleaf crops (broccoli, cabbage, lettuce and turnip greens) was determined, when grown in close proximity to a nuclear-fuel chemical-separations facility. Concentrations varied among species, apparently influenced by the crop morphology, with Pu concentrations increasing in the sequence: cabbage < broccoli < turnip greens < lettuce. Washing of the crops significantly reduced the Pu concentration of lettuce, but had no effect on Pu concentration of broccoli and cabbage. The vast majority of Pu found in the crops was due to direct deposition of recently released Pu and resuspension of Pu-bearing soil particles, and was not due to root uptake. Resultant doses from consumption are small relative to the annual background dose.
Publication Date:
Feb 01, 1984
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-062427
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 46:2
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; PLUTONIUM 238; RADIATION MONITORING; PLUTONIUM 239; PLUTONIUM 240; VEGETABLES; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; BRASSICA; CROPS; DEPOSITION; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; LETTUCE; PARTICLE RESUSPENSION; SAMPLING; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FOOD; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; MONITORING; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; PLANTS; PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES; RADIOISOTOPES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 053000* - Nuclear Fuels- Environmental Aspects; 560141 - Radiation Effects on Plants- Basic Studies- (-1987); 510302 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Terrestrial Ecosystems & Food Chains- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5150446
Research Organizations:
Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: HLTPA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 261-267
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

McLeod, K W, Alberts, J J, Adriano, D C, and Pinder, III, J E. Plutonium contents of broadleaf vegetable crops grown near a nuclear fuel chemical separations facility. United Kingdom: N. p., 1984. Web.
McLeod, K W, Alberts, J J, Adriano, D C, & Pinder, III, J E. Plutonium contents of broadleaf vegetable crops grown near a nuclear fuel chemical separations facility. United Kingdom.
McLeod, K W, Alberts, J J, Adriano, D C, and Pinder, III, J E. 1984. "Plutonium contents of broadleaf vegetable crops grown near a nuclear fuel chemical separations facility." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_5150446,
title = {Plutonium contents of broadleaf vegetable crops grown near a nuclear fuel chemical separations facility}
author = {McLeod, K W, Alberts, J J, Adriano, D C, and Pinder, III, J E}
abstractNote = {Among agricultural crops, broadleaf vegetables are particularly prone to intercept and retain aerially released contaminants. The plutonium concentration of four broadleaf crops (broccoli, cabbage, lettuce and turnip greens) was determined, when grown in close proximity to a nuclear-fuel chemical-separations facility. Concentrations varied among species, apparently influenced by the crop morphology, with Pu concentrations increasing in the sequence: cabbage < broccoli < turnip greens < lettuce. Washing of the crops significantly reduced the Pu concentration of lettuce, but had no effect on Pu concentration of broccoli and cabbage. The vast majority of Pu found in the crops was due to direct deposition of recently released Pu and resuspension of Pu-bearing soil particles, and was not due to root uptake. Resultant doses from consumption are small relative to the annual background dose.}
journal = {Health Phys.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {46:2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1984}
month = {Feb}
}