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Methane production from stable manures

Journal Article:

Abstract

A brief description of the methane-bacteria is given, their classification, biochemistry, and ecology, and a table of gas production expected from a dozen waste materials. Descriptions of three fermentation systems are given. The Ducellier-Isman, Massaux consists of 2 or 3 tanks of 6 to 14 m/sup 3/ capacity which daily produces 5 to 17 m/sup 3/ gas. Rotted manure is placed in the tanks, covered with water and liquid manure, and allowed to ferment for 3 months. The older tanks are unmixed, but the newest have provision for breaking the scum layer. Gas production virtually ceases during the winter, much manual labor is involved, and high losses of organic matter are caused by use of already rotted manure. The Darmstadt system, developed by Reinhold and similar to the systems of Harnisch and Mueller, consists of a 15 m/sup 3/ covered pit into which farm wastes and household wastes are fed through piping. The tank is heated and stirred, solids making their way from one end of the tank to the outlet in a matter of weeks, from which they are shoveled and stacked. Gas production is 0.3 to 0.5 m/sup 3/ gas/m/sup 3/ tank daily. A good deal of manual  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1955
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-78-059163
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chem. Tech. (Leipzig); (German Democratic Republic); Journal Volume: 7
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DESIGN; MANURES; METHANE; BIOSYNTHESIS; ALKANES; BIOCONVERSION; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; DIGESTION; FLUIDS; HYDROCARBONS; MANAGEMENT; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PROCESSING; SOLID WASTES; SYNTHESIS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989)
OSTI ID:
5150192
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CHTKA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 227-230
Announcement Date:
May 01, 1978

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Poch, M. Methane production from stable manures. Germany: N. p., 1955. Web.
Poch, M. Methane production from stable manures. Germany.
Poch, M. 1955. "Methane production from stable manures." Germany.
@misc{etde_5150192,
title = {Methane production from stable manures}
author = {Poch, M}
abstractNote = {A brief description of the methane-bacteria is given, their classification, biochemistry, and ecology, and a table of gas production expected from a dozen waste materials. Descriptions of three fermentation systems are given. The Ducellier-Isman, Massaux consists of 2 or 3 tanks of 6 to 14 m/sup 3/ capacity which daily produces 5 to 17 m/sup 3/ gas. Rotted manure is placed in the tanks, covered with water and liquid manure, and allowed to ferment for 3 months. The older tanks are unmixed, but the newest have provision for breaking the scum layer. Gas production virtually ceases during the winter, much manual labor is involved, and high losses of organic matter are caused by use of already rotted manure. The Darmstadt system, developed by Reinhold and similar to the systems of Harnisch and Mueller, consists of a 15 m/sup 3/ covered pit into which farm wastes and household wastes are fed through piping. The tank is heated and stirred, solids making their way from one end of the tank to the outlet in a matter of weeks, from which they are shoveled and stacked. Gas production is 0.3 to 0.5 m/sup 3/ gas/m/sup 3/ tank daily. A good deal of manual labor is involved, and losses of nutrients occur after the solids are extracted from the tank and piled. A fully mechanized Schmidt-Egersgluess system, the Biological Humus Gasworks (Bihugas), consists of heated (30/sup 0/ to 35/sup 0/), mixed tanks, gas compressor, gas storage tank, and effluent storage tank. Three m/sup 3/ tank capacity are required per head of cattle and gas production is 2 to 2.5 m/sup 3//livestock unit/day. Straw is stored to be ready for use as fermentation feedstock when the cattle are in the fields. The length of digestion in the process is 18 to 20 days.}
journal = {Chem. Tech. (Leipzig); (German Democratic Republic)}
volume = {7}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1955}
month = {Apr}
}