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Mechanisms of male sterility in higher plants

Journal Article:

Abstract

The mechanisms causing male sterility in higher plants were classified into two major categories: genetic and non-genetic. The former was further divided into six classes: 1) Anomality in spindle mechanism during meiosis, 2) chromosomal anomality such as haploidy, polyploidy, aneuploidy, chromosome some deficiency, inversion and reciprocal translocation, 3) presence of male sterile genes, 4) cytoplasmic abnormality, 5) the combination of some specific cytoplasm with particular genes, and 6) infections of microorganisms or viruses. Each mechanism was briefly explained, and the methods for the maintenance of parent lines for heterosis breeding and hybrid seed production were described. The non-genetic male sterility was classified into four types, which are caused by 1) low or high temperature, 2) water deficiency, 3) application of chemicals, and 4) radiation, with a brief explanation given for each of them.
Authors:
Ohta, Yasuo [1] 
  1. Tsukuba Univ., Sakura, Ibaraki (Japan)
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1982
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-15-005907; EDB-84-057908
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 19
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; PLANT BREEDING; GENETIC RADIATION EFFECTS; PLANTS; STERILITY; CHROMOSOMES; CROSSING-OVER; CYTOPLASM; GENES; MALES; MEIOSIS; PLOIDY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; WATER; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CELL CONSTITUENTS; CELL DIVISION; GENETIC EFFECTS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATION EFFECTS; 560142* - Radiation Effects on Plants- Applications- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5147018
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: GFSYA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 1-23
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Ohta, Yasuo. Mechanisms of male sterility in higher plants. Japan: N. p., 1982. Web.
Ohta, Yasuo. Mechanisms of male sterility in higher plants. Japan.
Ohta, Yasuo. 1982. "Mechanisms of male sterility in higher plants." Japan.
@misc{etde_5147018,
title = {Mechanisms of male sterility in higher plants}
author = {Ohta, Yasuo}
abstractNote = {The mechanisms causing male sterility in higher plants were classified into two major categories: genetic and non-genetic. The former was further divided into six classes: 1) Anomality in spindle mechanism during meiosis, 2) chromosomal anomality such as haploidy, polyploidy, aneuploidy, chromosome some deficiency, inversion and reciprocal translocation, 3) presence of male sterile genes, 4) cytoplasmic abnormality, 5) the combination of some specific cytoplasm with particular genes, and 6) infections of microorganisms or viruses. Each mechanism was briefly explained, and the methods for the maintenance of parent lines for heterosis breeding and hybrid seed production were described. The non-genetic male sterility was classified into four types, which are caused by 1) low or high temperature, 2) water deficiency, 3) application of chemicals, and 4) radiation, with a brief explanation given for each of them.}
journal = {Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan)}
volume = {19}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1982}
month = {Mar}
}