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Induction of cytoplasmic male sterility by gamma-ray and chemical mutagens in sugar beets

Journal Article:

Abstract

Male sterile plants appeared in the population of N cytoplasm sugar beet strains, H-19 and H-2002, when their dry seeds were exposed to 50 kR gamma-ray, and the male sterility was maintained up to the M/sub 4/ generation through the mother plants. Cytoplasmic inheritance was confirmed by the reciprocal crossings between plants with normal phenotype from gamma-strains (progeneis of the male mutants which transmitted male sterility through the mother plants) and H-19 or H-1001. The crossing experiments suggested that various kinds of cytoplasm were induced by gamma-ray irradiation, and that different nuclear genes were responsible for the respective cytoplasms. A specific relationship between the pollen restoring genes and the sterile cytoplasms was established, and was named ''one set of pollen restoring genes for one cytoplasm''. It is probable that the cytoplasmic mutation occurred in normal cytoplasm strains and the specific combination between the altered cytoplasm and the recessive nuclear gene produced male sterility. Ethyl methane sulphonate, ethidium bromide, acriflavine and streptomycin were also effective in inducing cytoplasmic mutation in sugar beets.
Authors:
Kinoshita, Toshiro [1] 
  1. Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Faculty of Agriculture
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1982
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-15-005908; EDB-84-057909
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 19
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; BEETS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; PLANT BREEDING; STERILITY; BIOLOGICAL RECOVERY; CYTOPLASM; GAMMA RADIATION; GENES; IRRADIATION; MALES; MUTATIONS; POLLEN; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CELL CONSTITUENTS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; FOOD; GAMETES; GERM CELLS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; RECOVERY; VEGETABLES; 560142* - Radiation Effects on Plants- Applications- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5147017
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: GFSYA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 27-46
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Kinoshita, Toshiro. Induction of cytoplasmic male sterility by gamma-ray and chemical mutagens in sugar beets. Japan: N. p., 1982. Web.
Kinoshita, Toshiro. Induction of cytoplasmic male sterility by gamma-ray and chemical mutagens in sugar beets. Japan.
Kinoshita, Toshiro. 1982. "Induction of cytoplasmic male sterility by gamma-ray and chemical mutagens in sugar beets." Japan.
@misc{etde_5147017,
title = {Induction of cytoplasmic male sterility by gamma-ray and chemical mutagens in sugar beets}
author = {Kinoshita, Toshiro}
abstractNote = {Male sterile plants appeared in the population of N cytoplasm sugar beet strains, H-19 and H-2002, when their dry seeds were exposed to 50 kR gamma-ray, and the male sterility was maintained up to the M/sub 4/ generation through the mother plants. Cytoplasmic inheritance was confirmed by the reciprocal crossings between plants with normal phenotype from gamma-strains (progeneis of the male mutants which transmitted male sterility through the mother plants) and H-19 or H-1001. The crossing experiments suggested that various kinds of cytoplasm were induced by gamma-ray irradiation, and that different nuclear genes were responsible for the respective cytoplasms. A specific relationship between the pollen restoring genes and the sterile cytoplasms was established, and was named ''one set of pollen restoring genes for one cytoplasm''. It is probable that the cytoplasmic mutation occurred in normal cytoplasm strains and the specific combination between the altered cytoplasm and the recessive nuclear gene produced male sterility. Ethyl methane sulphonate, ethidium bromide, acriflavine and streptomycin were also effective in inducing cytoplasmic mutation in sugar beets.}
journal = {Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan)}
volume = {19}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1982}
month = {Mar}
}