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Atomic bomb injury: radiation

Technical Report:

Abstract

This document contains 3 reports. In the first report, the clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation syndrome in survivors of the atomic explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki are described. The syndrome of acute radiation injury is applied to the symptom complex, or diseased state, which results from exposure of the whole body to the initial nuclear radiation of an atomic bomb. It is applied to injuries of the skin and subcutaneous tissues resulting from x-radiation or from contact with radioactive material. Internal radiation injury may result from the selective deposition, such as in bone or thyroid, of radioactive material that has been inhaled or absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract or wounds. Radiation syndrome is classified as very severe, severe, and mild. In the second report, a brief discussion is presented on the question of genetic effects in atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the third report, a study was carried out on 205 4-1/2 year old children who had been exposed to the atomic bomb blast during the first half of intra-uterine life. Correlation between head size and mental development of the child with distance from the hypocenter, symptoms of radiation effect and type of shielding of the  More>>
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1959
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ABCC-29-59
Reference Number:
EDB-84-058034
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions are illegible in microfiche products
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; A-BOMB SURVIVORS; NAGASAKI CATARACTS; DIAGNOSIS; RADIATION INJURIES; RADIATION SYNDROME; HIROSHIMA; NAGASAKI; CATARACTS; SYMPTOMS; THERAPY; CHILDREN; HEAD; MALFORMATIONS; SIZE; AGE GROUPS; ASIA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; BODY; BODY AREAS; DISEASES; GENETIC EFFECTS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INJURIES; JAPAN; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; SENSE ORGANS DISEASES; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man; 560161 - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Man
OSTI ID:
5146152
Research Organizations:
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Hiroshima (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese and English
Contract Number:
AC01-76EV03081
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE84008434
Availability:
NTIS, PC A03/MF A01; 1.
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 38
Announcement Date:

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Dunham, C L, Cronkite, E P, Le Roy, G V, and Warren, S. Atomic bomb injury: radiation. Japan: N. p., 1959. Web.
Dunham, C L, Cronkite, E P, Le Roy, G V, & Warren, S. Atomic bomb injury: radiation. Japan.
Dunham, C L, Cronkite, E P, Le Roy, G V, and Warren, S. 1959. "Atomic bomb injury: radiation." Japan.
@misc{etde_5146152,
title = {Atomic bomb injury: radiation}
author = {Dunham, C L, Cronkite, E P, Le Roy, G V, and Warren, S}
abstractNote = {This document contains 3 reports. In the first report, the clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation syndrome in survivors of the atomic explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki are described. The syndrome of acute radiation injury is applied to the symptom complex, or diseased state, which results from exposure of the whole body to the initial nuclear radiation of an atomic bomb. It is applied to injuries of the skin and subcutaneous tissues resulting from x-radiation or from contact with radioactive material. Internal radiation injury may result from the selective deposition, such as in bone or thyroid, of radioactive material that has been inhaled or absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract or wounds. Radiation syndrome is classified as very severe, severe, and mild. In the second report, a brief discussion is presented on the question of genetic effects in atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the third report, a study was carried out on 205 4-1/2 year old children who had been exposed to the atomic bomb blast during the first half of intra-uterine life. Correlation between head size and mental development of the child with distance from the hypocenter, symptoms of radiation effect and type of shielding of the mother is discussed. The conclusion drawn from the present study is that central nervous system defects can be produced in the fetus by atomic bomb radiation, provided that exposure occurs within approximately 1200 meters of the hypocenter and that no effective shielding, such as concrete, protects the fetus from direct irradiation.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1959}
month = {Jan}
}