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Harvard Air Pollution Health Study in six cites in the USA

Journal Article:

Abstract

The Harvard Air Pollution Health Study has been a ten year prospective study of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of children and adults living in six US communities. Indices of acute and chronic effects of air pollution exposures have been studied. Evidence is presented for adverse effects of ambient and indoor air pollution on children. Relationships between ambient TSP concentrations and hospital emergency room admissions, temporary decreases in pulmonary functions and prevalence of community bronchitis all indicate a slight adverse effect. Refinements of these relationships will occur when fine fraction and acid sulfate aerosol concentrations are incorporated into the health analysis. Exposures to cigarette smoke at home are associated with increased reported respiratory symptoms in children. There is a negative relationship between maternal smoking and age and sex adjusted height for children. Results from indoor and personal exposure studies have lead to the design of an acute symptoms and indoor air pollution study. Between 1985 and 1988 1800 children will be tracked for a year while respirable particles, nitrogen dioxide, water vapor and air exchange will be measured in their homes. Using continuous sulfate/sulfuric acid monitors built at Harvard, we are characterizing the magnitude, duration and frequency of acid aerosol  More>>
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1985
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-86-187452
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 4
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; HEALTH HAZARDS; CHILDREN; HOUSES; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; DYNAMIC FUNCTION STUDIES; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; LUNGS; NITROGEN OXIDES; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; SULFATES; SULFURIC ACID; URBAN AREAS; WEATHER; AGE GROUPS; BODY; BUILDINGS; CHALCOGENIDES; DISEASES; HAZARDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC ACIDS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; 560306* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Man- (-1987); 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5141973
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: TJEMD
Submitting Site:
NLM
Size:
Pages: 263-286
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Spengler, J D, and Ferris, Jr, B G. Harvard Air Pollution Health Study in six cites in the USA. Japan: N. p., 1985. Web.
Spengler, J D, & Ferris, Jr, B G. Harvard Air Pollution Health Study in six cites in the USA. Japan.
Spengler, J D, and Ferris, Jr, B G. 1985. "Harvard Air Pollution Health Study in six cites in the USA." Japan.
@misc{etde_5141973,
title = {Harvard Air Pollution Health Study in six cites in the USA}
author = {Spengler, J D, and Ferris, Jr, B G}
abstractNote = {The Harvard Air Pollution Health Study has been a ten year prospective study of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of children and adults living in six US communities. Indices of acute and chronic effects of air pollution exposures have been studied. Evidence is presented for adverse effects of ambient and indoor air pollution on children. Relationships between ambient TSP concentrations and hospital emergency room admissions, temporary decreases in pulmonary functions and prevalence of community bronchitis all indicate a slight adverse effect. Refinements of these relationships will occur when fine fraction and acid sulfate aerosol concentrations are incorporated into the health analysis. Exposures to cigarette smoke at home are associated with increased reported respiratory symptoms in children. There is a negative relationship between maternal smoking and age and sex adjusted height for children. Results from indoor and personal exposure studies have lead to the design of an acute symptoms and indoor air pollution study. Between 1985 and 1988 1800 children will be tracked for a year while respirable particles, nitrogen dioxide, water vapor and air exchange will be measured in their homes. Using continuous sulfate/sulfuric acid monitors built at Harvard, we are characterizing the magnitude, duration and frequency of acid aerosol events in each of our study cities. This information will be utilized in the analysis of the respiratory symptom data. The Harvard Air Pollution Health Study is providing information on the relationship among health variables and air pollutant exposures. In addition, this study will add to our understanding of lung growth and aging and the risk factors associated with chronic respiratory disabilities.}
journal = {Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.; (Japan)}
volume = {4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1985}
month = {Aug}
}