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Environmental pollution by petroleum

Journal Article:

Abstract

Pollution causes, cases, and remedies at various stages of petroleum production and usage are reviewed. Petroleum extraction (off-shore drilling and Arctic drilling) can be accompanied by mishaps. In 1971, IMCO (an international safety committee) proposed the partitioning of oil tanker holds into smaller compartments to minimize spillage in case of disaster. Although the solubility of oil in waste water from refineries is reckoned by ppM, the total amount dissolved is not negligible. Petroleum storage and transport on land is complicated by problems of safety in terms of population density as well as by pollution problems. Petroleum end-products such as plastic trash and automobile exhausts contribute to pollution. The role of aldehydes and peroxides in photochemical smog formation must be investigated further. Proper treatment of pollution at each specific point of occurrence, rather than at the end of a production line is recommended. Pollutant concentration for treatment, rather than pollutant dilution for dispersal, should be considered. Technology for pollution abatement is available, but not always economically feasible.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1974
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-78-073021
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Kagaku Kyoiku; (Japan); Journal Volume: 22:3
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; PETROLEUM INDUSTRY; POLLUTION CONTROL; AUTOMOBILES; EXHAUST GASES; LIQUID WASTES; OFFSHORE DRILLING; OIL SPILLS; PLASTICS; SAFETY; SOLID WASTES; TANKER SHIPS; DRILLING; GASEOUS WASTES; INDUSTRY; PETROCHEMICALS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; SHIPS; VEHICLES; WASTES; 020900* - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
5102380
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: KAKYD
Submitting Site:
APA
Size:
Pages: 213-219
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Murata, T. Environmental pollution by petroleum. Japan: N. p., 1974. Web.
Murata, T. Environmental pollution by petroleum. Japan.
Murata, T. 1974. "Environmental pollution by petroleum." Japan.
@misc{etde_5102380,
title = {Environmental pollution by petroleum}
author = {Murata, T}
abstractNote = {Pollution causes, cases, and remedies at various stages of petroleum production and usage are reviewed. Petroleum extraction (off-shore drilling and Arctic drilling) can be accompanied by mishaps. In 1971, IMCO (an international safety committee) proposed the partitioning of oil tanker holds into smaller compartments to minimize spillage in case of disaster. Although the solubility of oil in waste water from refineries is reckoned by ppM, the total amount dissolved is not negligible. Petroleum storage and transport on land is complicated by problems of safety in terms of population density as well as by pollution problems. Petroleum end-products such as plastic trash and automobile exhausts contribute to pollution. The role of aldehydes and peroxides in photochemical smog formation must be investigated further. Proper treatment of pollution at each specific point of occurrence, rather than at the end of a production line is recommended. Pollutant concentration for treatment, rather than pollutant dilution for dispersal, should be considered. Technology for pollution abatement is available, but not always economically feasible.}
journal = {Kagaku Kyoiku; (Japan)}
volume = {22:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1974}
month = {Jun}
}