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Mutation breeding in vegetable crops

Journal Article:

Abstract

Vegetables breed by seeds and vegetative organs. In main vegetables, the differentiation of clopping types, the adoption of monoculture and year-round production and shipment are carried out, adapting to various socio-economic and cultivation conditions. Protected agriculture has advanced mainly for fruit vegetables, and the seeds for sale have become almost hybrid varieties. Reflecting this situation, the demand for breeding is diversified and characteristic. The present status of mutation breeding of vegetables is not yet well under way, but reports of about 40 raised varieties have been published in the world. The characters introduced by induced mutation and irradiation are compact form, harvesting aptitude, the forms and properties of stems and leaves, anti-lodging property, the size, form and uniformity of fruits, male sterility and so on. The radiation sources used were mostly gamma ray or X-ray, but sometimes, combined irradiation was used. Results obtained in Japan include: burdocks as an example to gamma ray irradiation of seeds; tomatoes as an example of inducing compound resistance against disease injury; and lettuce as an example of internal beta irradiation. (Kako, I.).
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1984
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-86-186975
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 21
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CROPS; GENETIC RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATION INDUCED MUTANTS; PLANT BREEDING; DISEASE RESISTANCE; EMS; GAMMA RADIATION; IRRADIATION; MUTANTS; MUTATIONS; VEGETABLES; X RADIATION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; ESTERS; FOOD; GENETIC EFFECTS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; MUTAGENS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; SULFONIC ACID ESTERS; 560142* - Radiation Effects on Plants- Applications- (-1987); 560163 - Radionuclide Effects-Internal Source- Plants- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
5091514
Research Organizations:
Institute of Radiation Breeding, Ibaraki, Japan
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: GFSYA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 37-53
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Yamaguchi, Takashi. Mutation breeding in vegetable crops. Japan: N. p., 1984. Web.
Yamaguchi, Takashi. Mutation breeding in vegetable crops. Japan.
Yamaguchi, Takashi. 1984. "Mutation breeding in vegetable crops." Japan.
@misc{etde_5091514,
title = {Mutation breeding in vegetable crops}
author = {Yamaguchi, Takashi}
abstractNote = {Vegetables breed by seeds and vegetative organs. In main vegetables, the differentiation of clopping types, the adoption of monoculture and year-round production and shipment are carried out, adapting to various socio-economic and cultivation conditions. Protected agriculture has advanced mainly for fruit vegetables, and the seeds for sale have become almost hybrid varieties. Reflecting this situation, the demand for breeding is diversified and characteristic. The present status of mutation breeding of vegetables is not yet well under way, but reports of about 40 raised varieties have been published in the world. The characters introduced by induced mutation and irradiation are compact form, harvesting aptitude, the forms and properties of stems and leaves, anti-lodging property, the size, form and uniformity of fruits, male sterility and so on. The radiation sources used were mostly gamma ray or X-ray, but sometimes, combined irradiation was used. Results obtained in Japan include: burdocks as an example to gamma ray irradiation of seeds; tomatoes as an example of inducing compound resistance against disease injury; and lettuce as an example of internal beta irradiation. (Kako, I.).}
journal = {Gamma Field Symp.; (Japan)}
volume = {21}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1984}
month = {Mar}
}