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Effect of air pollution on agricultural and forest crops. I

Journal Article:

Abstract

Indirect and direct effects of air pollutants on agricultural and forest crops are discussed. Pollutants can cause changes in the quality of pesticides, imbalances in the nutritional makeup of crops, and other effects in the soil. Past studies have shown that there is a definite correlation between the germ induced blight of pine trees and the concentration of sulfur dioxide in air. Infestation of pine insects and the degree of oxidant in the air also have close relationships. The final cause for blight of pines is often the work of insects such as western pine beetles and mountain pine beetles, but the insects attack trees that are already weakened by oxidant. Orange trees sprayed with pesticide were fumigated in SO/sub 2/. Control trees showed a marked state of good health in comparison to the fumigated trees. However, the relationship and mechanism of the pesticide and SO/sub 2/ are controlled by a complex set of factors. Lime and sulfur compound pesticides also affect citrus trees when SO/sub 2/ is present. Trees sprayed during winter in conjunction with SO/sub 2/ fumigation show a heavy shedding of leaves. The SO/sub 2/ accumulation in soil and plant in the form of acidity or sulfur  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1971
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-85-178266
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nogyo Oyobi Engei; (Japan); Journal Volume: 46:10
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; FORESTS; INJURIES; AGRICULTURE; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; CALCIUM; COPPER; CROPS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; INSECTS; JAPAN; MAGNESIUM; PEST CONTROL; PESTICIDES; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; PINES; PLANT GROWTH; POTASSIUM; PRODUCTION; SENSITIVITY; SOIL CHEMISTRY; SULFUR; SULFUR DIOXIDE; ALKALI METALS; ALKALINE EARTH METALS; ANIMALS; ARTHROPODS; ASIA; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHEMISTRY; CONIFERS; CONTROL; DATA; ELEMENTS; GROWTH; INDUSTRY; INFORMATION; INVERTEBRATES; METALS; NONMETALS; NUMERICAL DATA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; SYNTHESIS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; TREES; 560305* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987); 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
5090358
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: NOOEA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 1391-1394
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Matsushima, J. Effect of air pollution on agricultural and forest crops. I. Japan: N. p., 1971. Web.
Matsushima, J. Effect of air pollution on agricultural and forest crops. I. Japan.
Matsushima, J. 1971. "Effect of air pollution on agricultural and forest crops. I." Japan.
@misc{etde_5090358,
title = {Effect of air pollution on agricultural and forest crops. I}
author = {Matsushima, J}
abstractNote = {Indirect and direct effects of air pollutants on agricultural and forest crops are discussed. Pollutants can cause changes in the quality of pesticides, imbalances in the nutritional makeup of crops, and other effects in the soil. Past studies have shown that there is a definite correlation between the germ induced blight of pine trees and the concentration of sulfur dioxide in air. Infestation of pine insects and the degree of oxidant in the air also have close relationships. The final cause for blight of pines is often the work of insects such as western pine beetles and mountain pine beetles, but the insects attack trees that are already weakened by oxidant. Orange trees sprayed with pesticide were fumigated in SO/sub 2/. Control trees showed a marked state of good health in comparison to the fumigated trees. However, the relationship and mechanism of the pesticide and SO/sub 2/ are controlled by a complex set of factors. Lime and sulfur compound pesticides also affect citrus trees when SO/sub 2/ is present. Trees sprayed during winter in conjunction with SO/sub 2/ fumigation show a heavy shedding of leaves. The SO/sub 2/ accumulation in soil and plant in the form of acidity or sulfur result in increases of potassium, calcium, or magnesium, depending on the type of produce. Direct effects of SO/sub 2/ are discussed based on the mathematical formula of Thomas, and invisible damages caused by winter fumigation in SO/sub 2/ such as deterioration of growth and photosynthesis are discussed.}
journal = {Nogyo Oyobi Engei; (Japan)}
volume = {46:10}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1971}
month = {Oct}
}