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Biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector; Biomassebaserade energibaerare foer transportsektorn

Abstract

The purpose of this report is to study the technical and economic prerequisites to attain reduced carbon dioxide emissions through the use of biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector, and to study other environmental impacts resulting from an increased use of biomass-based energy carriers. CO{sub 2} emission reduction per unit arable and forest land used for biomass production (kg CO{sub 2}/ha,year) and costs for CO{sub 2} emission reduction (SEK/kg CO{sub 2}) are estimated for the substitution of gasoline and diesel with rape methyl ester, biogas from lucerne, ethanol from wheat and ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and electricity from Salix and logging residues. Of the studied energy carriers, those based on Salix provide the largest CO{sub 2} emission reduction. In a medium long perspective, the costs for CO{sub 2} emission reduction seem to be lowest for methanol from Salix and logging residues. The use of fuel cell vehicles, using methanol or hydrogen as energy carriers, can in a longer perspective provide more energy efficient utilization of biomass for transportation than the use of internal combustion engine vehicles. 136 refs, 12 figs, 25 tabs
Authors:
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KFB-95-11
Reference Number:
SCA: 299000; 330800; 093000; PA: SWD-95:007199; EDB-95:077283; NTS-95:016663; ERA-20:018646; SN: 95001394568
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1995
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; TRANSPORTATION SECTOR; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; ECONOMICS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; CARBON DIOXIDE; ETHANOL FUELS; METHANOL FUELS; SILVICULTURE; WILLOWS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; METHANE; FUEL CELLS; WOOD WASTES; CROPS
OSTI ID:
50854
Research Organizations:
Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board, Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
Swedish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0282-8014; Other: ON: DE95772459; ISBN 91-88370-94-1; TRN: SE9507199
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE95772459
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
81 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Johansson, Bengt. Biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector; Biomassebaserade energibaerare foer transportsektorn. Sweden: N. p., 1995. Web.
Johansson, Bengt. Biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector; Biomassebaserade energibaerare foer transportsektorn. Sweden.
Johansson, Bengt. 1995. "Biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector; Biomassebaserade energibaerare foer transportsektorn." Sweden.
@misc{etde_50854,
title = {Biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector; Biomassebaserade energibaerare foer transportsektorn}
author = {Johansson, Bengt}
abstractNote = {The purpose of this report is to study the technical and economic prerequisites to attain reduced carbon dioxide emissions through the use of biomass-based energy carriers in the transportation sector, and to study other environmental impacts resulting from an increased use of biomass-based energy carriers. CO{sub 2} emission reduction per unit arable and forest land used for biomass production (kg CO{sub 2}/ha,year) and costs for CO{sub 2} emission reduction (SEK/kg CO{sub 2}) are estimated for the substitution of gasoline and diesel with rape methyl ester, biogas from lucerne, ethanol from wheat and ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and electricity from Salix and logging residues. Of the studied energy carriers, those based on Salix provide the largest CO{sub 2} emission reduction. In a medium long perspective, the costs for CO{sub 2} emission reduction seem to be lowest for methanol from Salix and logging residues. The use of fuel cell vehicles, using methanol or hydrogen as energy carriers, can in a longer perspective provide more energy efficient utilization of biomass for transportation than the use of internal combustion engine vehicles. 136 refs, 12 figs, 25 tabs}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1995}
month = {Mar}
}