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Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens

Journal Article:

Abstract

A new species of anaerobic bacterium that degrades the even-numbered carbon fatty acids, butyrate, caproate and caprylate, to acetate and H/sub 2/ and the odd-numbered carbon fatty acids, valerate and heptanoate, to acetate, propionate and H/sub 2/ was obtained in coculture with either an H/sub 2/-utilizing methanogen or H/sub 2/-utilizing desulfovibrio. The organism could be grown only in syntrophic association with the H/sub 2/-utilizer and no other energy sources or combination of electron donor and acceptors were utilized. It was a Gram-negative helical rod with 2 to 8 flagella, about 20 nm in diameter, inserted in a linear fashion about 130 nm or more apart along the concave side of the cell. It grew with a generation time of 84 h in co-culture with Methanospirillum hungatii and was present in numbers of at least 4.5 x 10/sup -6/ per g of anaerobic digest or sludge.
Authors:
McInerney, M J; [1]  Bryant, M P; Pfennig, N
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1979
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-82-152978
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Arch. Microbiol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 122
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; BIODEGRADATION; METHANOGENIC BACTERIA; PHYSIOLOGY; ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ELECTRON EXCHANGE; METABOLISM; TIME DEPENDENCE; BACTERIA; BIOCONVERSION; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; DIGESTION; ELECTRON TRANSFER; MANAGEMENT; MICROORGANISMS; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PROCESSING; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; 550700* - Microbiology; 550500 - Metabolism; 550200 - Biochemistry
OSTI ID:
5068776
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: AMICC
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 129-135
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

McInerney, M J, Bryant, M P, and Pfennig, N. Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens. Germany: N. p., 1979. Web.
McInerney, M J, Bryant, M P, & Pfennig, N. Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens. Germany.
McInerney, M J, Bryant, M P, and Pfennig, N. 1979. "Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens." Germany.
@misc{etde_5068776,
title = {Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens}
author = {McInerney, M J, Bryant, M P, and Pfennig, N}
abstractNote = {A new species of anaerobic bacterium that degrades the even-numbered carbon fatty acids, butyrate, caproate and caprylate, to acetate and H/sub 2/ and the odd-numbered carbon fatty acids, valerate and heptanoate, to acetate, propionate and H/sub 2/ was obtained in coculture with either an H/sub 2/-utilizing methanogen or H/sub 2/-utilizing desulfovibrio. The organism could be grown only in syntrophic association with the H/sub 2/-utilizer and no other energy sources or combination of electron donor and acceptors were utilized. It was a Gram-negative helical rod with 2 to 8 flagella, about 20 nm in diameter, inserted in a linear fashion about 130 nm or more apart along the concave side of the cell. It grew with a generation time of 84 h in co-culture with Methanospirillum hungatii and was present in numbers of at least 4.5 x 10/sup -6/ per g of anaerobic digest or sludge.}
journal = {Arch. Microbiol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {122}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1979}
month = {Jan}
}