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Accident knowledge and emergency management

Abstract

The report contains an overall frame for transformation of knowledge and experience from risk analysis to emergency education. An accident model has been developed to describe the emergency situation. A key concept of this model is uncontrolled flow of energy (UFOE), essential elements are the state, location and movement of the energy (and mass). A UFOE can be considered as the driving force of an accident, e.g., an explosion, a fire, a release of heavy gases. As long as the energy is confined, i.e. the location and movement of the energy are under control, the situation is safe, but loss of confinement will create a hazardous situation that may develop into an accident. A domain model has been developed for representing accident and emergency scenarios occurring in society. The domain model uses three main categories: status, context and objectives. A domain is a group of activities with allied goals and elements and ten specific domains have been investigated: process plant, storage, nuclear power plant, energy distribution, marine transport of goods, marine transport of people, aviation, transport by road, transport by rail and natural disasters. Totally 25 accident cases were consulted and information was extracted for filling into the schematic representations  More>>
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1997
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
RISO-R-945(EN)
Reference Number:
SCA: 990400; PA: AIX-28:038351; EDB-97:083961; NTS-97:012760; SN: 97001796468
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1997
Subject:
99 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS; ACCIDENTS; EMERGENCY PLANS; COMMUNICATIONS; COMPLIANCE; DECISION MAKING; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; ORGANIZATIONAL MODELS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SAFETY
OSTI ID:
481059
Research Organizations:
Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark). Systems Analysis
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97626050; ISBN 87-550-2248-0; TRN: DK9700056038351
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE97626050
Submitting Site:
DKN
Size:
223 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Rasmussen, B, and Groenberg, C D. Accident knowledge and emergency management. Denmark: N. p., 1997. Web.
Rasmussen, B, & Groenberg, C D. Accident knowledge and emergency management. Denmark.
Rasmussen, B, and Groenberg, C D. 1997. "Accident knowledge and emergency management." Denmark.
@misc{etde_481059,
title = {Accident knowledge and emergency management}
author = {Rasmussen, B, and Groenberg, C D}
abstractNote = {The report contains an overall frame for transformation of knowledge and experience from risk analysis to emergency education. An accident model has been developed to describe the emergency situation. A key concept of this model is uncontrolled flow of energy (UFOE), essential elements are the state, location and movement of the energy (and mass). A UFOE can be considered as the driving force of an accident, e.g., an explosion, a fire, a release of heavy gases. As long as the energy is confined, i.e. the location and movement of the energy are under control, the situation is safe, but loss of confinement will create a hazardous situation that may develop into an accident. A domain model has been developed for representing accident and emergency scenarios occurring in society. The domain model uses three main categories: status, context and objectives. A domain is a group of activities with allied goals and elements and ten specific domains have been investigated: process plant, storage, nuclear power plant, energy distribution, marine transport of goods, marine transport of people, aviation, transport by road, transport by rail and natural disasters. Totally 25 accident cases were consulted and information was extracted for filling into the schematic representations with two to four cases pr. specific domain. (au) 41 tabs., 8 ills.; 79 refs.}
place = {Denmark}
year = {1997}
month = {Mar}
}