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Revised dose limits and new respiratory tract model and their implications for annual limits of intake of radioactive materials - A review of recent ICRP publications

Abstract

Ionizing radiation may cause immediate and/or delayed biological damages to the body of the exposed person and/or his/her progeny. The exposure may be caused by an external source or may arise due to internal contamination by a radioactive material. To prevent such exposure, or to reduce the probability that it will occur, national authorities and international organizations engaged in radiation safety and protection have set limits for the exposure to ionizing radiation from either source. The sensitivity of the body to ionizing radiation usually decreases with age. For this reason and due to the limited possibilities to control the exposure of the general public, different limits have been set for for occupational exposure and for the exposure of members of the public of different age groups. The general principles of these limits and guidelines for their calculations are set by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and published in the Annals of the ICRP. The basic philosophy of the Commission, which includes the principles of justification, optimization and dose limits, the basic radiobiological models, and the distinction between stochastic and non-stochastic effects has been presented in its publication no. 26. Based on this philosophy, the Commission issued between 1979  More>>
Authors:
Schlesinger, T; Silverman, I; Shapira, M [1] 
  1. Israel Atomic Energy Commission, Yavne (Israel). Soreq Nuclear Research Center
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1996
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-mf-15507; CONF-961252-
Reference Number:
SCA: 560190; PA: AIX-28:023337; EDB-97:076061; SN: 97001788633
Resource Relation:
Conference: 19. conference of the Israel Nuclear Societies, Herzliya (Israel), 9-10 Dec 1996; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Program and book of abstracts; PB: 149 p.
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; ICRP; RECOMMENDATIONS; BIOLOGICAL MODELS; RADIATION PROTECTION; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; STRUCTURAL MODELS
OSTI ID:
476989
Research Organizations:
Israel Nuclear Society, Yavne (Israel)
Country of Origin:
Israel
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97616259; TRN: IL9606174023337
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE97616259
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
pp. 1-8
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Schlesinger, T, Silverman, I, and Shapira, M. Revised dose limits and new respiratory tract model and their implications for annual limits of intake of radioactive materials - A review of recent ICRP publications. Israel: N. p., 1996. Web.
Schlesinger, T, Silverman, I, & Shapira, M. Revised dose limits and new respiratory tract model and their implications for annual limits of intake of radioactive materials - A review of recent ICRP publications. Israel.
Schlesinger, T, Silverman, I, and Shapira, M. 1996. "Revised dose limits and new respiratory tract model and their implications for annual limits of intake of radioactive materials - A review of recent ICRP publications." Israel.
@misc{etde_476989,
title = {Revised dose limits and new respiratory tract model and their implications for annual limits of intake of radioactive materials - A review of recent ICRP publications}
author = {Schlesinger, T, Silverman, I, and Shapira, M}
abstractNote = {Ionizing radiation may cause immediate and/or delayed biological damages to the body of the exposed person and/or his/her progeny. The exposure may be caused by an external source or may arise due to internal contamination by a radioactive material. To prevent such exposure, or to reduce the probability that it will occur, national authorities and international organizations engaged in radiation safety and protection have set limits for the exposure to ionizing radiation from either source. The sensitivity of the body to ionizing radiation usually decreases with age. For this reason and due to the limited possibilities to control the exposure of the general public, different limits have been set for for occupational exposure and for the exposure of members of the public of different age groups. The general principles of these limits and guidelines for their calculations are set by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and published in the Annals of the ICRP. The basic philosophy of the Commission, which includes the principles of justification, optimization and dose limits, the basic radiobiological models, and the distinction between stochastic and non-stochastic effects has been presented in its publication no. 26. Based on this philosophy, the Commission issued between 1979 and 1988 a series of publications followed by annexes and addenda known as publication no. 30. This series presented models describing the metabolism of radioactive materials which enter the body by inhalation and ingestion, the transfer of such materials from the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract to the blood, and from there to the body organs and the excretion of the material from the body. This series presented also values for biokinetic parameters of these systems and transfer paths, and methods for calculating limits on intake which ensure that the exposure from internal contamination will not exceed the dose limits set.}
place = {Israel}
year = {1996}
month = {Dec}
}