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Safety research for evolutionary light water reactors

Abstract

The development of nuclear energy has been characterized by a continuous evolution of the technological and philosophical underpinnings of reactor safety to enable operation of the plant without causing harm to either the plant operators or the public. Currently, the safety of a nuclear plant is assured through the combined use of procedures and engineered safety features together with a system of multiple protective barriers against the release of radioactivity. This approach is embodied in the concept of Design-Basis Accidents (DBA), which requires the designers to demonstrate that all credible accidents have been identified and that all safety equipment and procedures perform their functions extremely reliably. Particularly important functions are the automatic protection to shut the reactor down and to remove the decay heat while ensuring the integrity of the containment structure. Within the DBA concept, the so-called severe accidents were conveniently defined to be those accidents that lie beyond the DBA envelope; hence, they did not form part of the safety case. (author).
Authors:
Cacuci, D G [1] 
  1. Karlsruhe Univ. (T.H.) (Germany). Universitaetsbibliothek
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1996
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-mf-15507; CONF-961252-
Reference Number:
SCA: 210100; 220200; PA: AIX-28:023733; EDB-97:072326; SN: 97001788836
Resource Relation:
Conference: 19. conference of the Israel Nuclear Societies, Herzliya (Israel), 9-10 Dec 1996; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Program and book of abstracts; PB: 149 p.
Subject:
21 NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 22 NUCLEAR REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; DESIGN BASIS ACCIDENTS; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; AIR INFILTRATION; ALUMINATES; BWR TYPE REACTORS; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIONS; CONTAINMENT; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; LEAKS; LOSS OF COOLANT; REACTOR SAFETY
OSTI ID:
475951
Research Organizations:
Israel Nuclear Society, Yavne (Israel)
Country of Origin:
Israel
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97616259; TRN: IL9606166023733
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE97616259
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
pp. 1-6
Announcement Date:
Jun 10, 1997

Citation Formats

Cacuci, D G. Safety research for evolutionary light water reactors. Israel: N. p., 1996. Web.
Cacuci, D G. Safety research for evolutionary light water reactors. Israel.
Cacuci, D G. 1996. "Safety research for evolutionary light water reactors." Israel.
@misc{etde_475951,
title = {Safety research for evolutionary light water reactors}
author = {Cacuci, D G}
abstractNote = {The development of nuclear energy has been characterized by a continuous evolution of the technological and philosophical underpinnings of reactor safety to enable operation of the plant without causing harm to either the plant operators or the public. Currently, the safety of a nuclear plant is assured through the combined use of procedures and engineered safety features together with a system of multiple protective barriers against the release of radioactivity. This approach is embodied in the concept of Design-Basis Accidents (DBA), which requires the designers to demonstrate that all credible accidents have been identified and that all safety equipment and procedures perform their functions extremely reliably. Particularly important functions are the automatic protection to shut the reactor down and to remove the decay heat while ensuring the integrity of the containment structure. Within the DBA concept, the so-called severe accidents were conveniently defined to be those accidents that lie beyond the DBA envelope; hence, they did not form part of the safety case. (author).}
place = {Israel}
year = {1996}
month = {Dec}
}