You need JavaScript to view this

Emissions from waste combustion. An application of statistical experimental design in a laboratory-scale boiler and an investigation from large-scale incineration plants

Abstract

The aim of this thesis is a study of the emissions from the combustion of household refuse. The experiments were both on a laboratory-scale boiler and on full-scale incineration plants. In the laboratory, an artificial household refuse with known composition was fed into a pilot boiler with a stationary grate. Combustion was under non-optimum conditions. Direct sampling with a Tenax adsorbent was used to measure a range of VOCs. Measurements were also made of incompletely burnt hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen and flue gas temperature. Combustion and emission parameters were recorded continuously by a multi-point data logger. VOCs were analysed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The full-scale tests were on seven Swedish incineration plants. The data were used to evaluate the emissions from large-scale incineration plants with various type of fuels and incinerators, and were also compared with the laboratory results. The response surface model developed from the laboratory experiments was also validated. This thesis also includes studies on the gasification of household refuse pellets, estimations of particulate and soot emissions, and a thermodynamic analysis of PAHs from combustion flue gas. For pellet gasification, experiments were performed on single, well characterised refuse pellets under carefully controlled conditions.  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
May 01, 1997
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KTH-EUVSA-97-1
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 200103; PA: SWD-97:007286; EDB-97:062844; NTS-97:010251; SN: 97001773954
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Diss. (TeknD); PBD: 1997
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; REFUSE-FUELED BOILERS; EMISSION; WASTE PELLETS; GASIFICATION; COMBUSTION; REFUSE DERIVED FUELS; MUNICIPAL WASTES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; VOLATILE MATTER; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; FIELD TESTS; CARBON OXIDES; FLUE GAS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA
OSTI ID:
464369
Research Organizations:
Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Energy Technology
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97740802; TRN: SE9707286
Availability:
OSTI as DE97740802
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
187 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Xiaojing, Zhang. Emissions from waste combustion. An application of statistical experimental design in a laboratory-scale boiler and an investigation from large-scale incineration plants. Sweden: N. p., 1997. Web.
Xiaojing, Zhang. Emissions from waste combustion. An application of statistical experimental design in a laboratory-scale boiler and an investigation from large-scale incineration plants. Sweden.
Xiaojing, Zhang. 1997. "Emissions from waste combustion. An application of statistical experimental design in a laboratory-scale boiler and an investigation from large-scale incineration plants." Sweden.
@misc{etde_464369,
title = {Emissions from waste combustion. An application of statistical experimental design in a laboratory-scale boiler and an investigation from large-scale incineration plants}
author = {Xiaojing, Zhang}
abstractNote = {The aim of this thesis is a study of the emissions from the combustion of household refuse. The experiments were both on a laboratory-scale boiler and on full-scale incineration plants. In the laboratory, an artificial household refuse with known composition was fed into a pilot boiler with a stationary grate. Combustion was under non-optimum conditions. Direct sampling with a Tenax adsorbent was used to measure a range of VOCs. Measurements were also made of incompletely burnt hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen and flue gas temperature. Combustion and emission parameters were recorded continuously by a multi-point data logger. VOCs were analysed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The full-scale tests were on seven Swedish incineration plants. The data were used to evaluate the emissions from large-scale incineration plants with various type of fuels and incinerators, and were also compared with the laboratory results. The response surface model developed from the laboratory experiments was also validated. This thesis also includes studies on the gasification of household refuse pellets, estimations of particulate and soot emissions, and a thermodynamic analysis of PAHs from combustion flue gas. For pellet gasification, experiments were performed on single, well characterised refuse pellets under carefully controlled conditions. The aim was to see if the effects of pellets were different from those of untreated household refuse. The results from both laboratory and full-scale tests showed that the main contributions to emissions from household refuse are plastics and moisture. 142 refs, 82 figs, 51 tabs}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1997}
month = {May}
}