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Biomass thermochemical conversion - overview of results; Biomassan jalostus - tutkimusalueen katsaus

Abstract

In this Bioenergy research program the thermochemical conversion activities are mainly concentrated in three fields (1) flash pyrolysis and the use of wood oil in boilers and engines (2) biomass gasification for gas engine power plants and finally (3) conversion of black liquor and extractives in a pulp mill to various liquid fuels. Parallel to activities in Finland also significant work has been done in EU-Joule and Apas projects and in the IEA Bioenergy Agreement. In the area of flash pyrolysis technology, three new laboratory and PDU-units have been installed to VTT in order to produce various qualities of bio oils from wood and straw. The quality of pyrolysis oils have been characterized by physical and chemical methods supported by EU and IEA networks. Several companies are carrying out pyrolysis activities as well: Neste Oy is testing the wood oil in a 200 kW boiler, Waertsilae Diesel Oy is testing Canadian wood oil in a 1.5 MWe diesel power plant engine and Vapo Oy is carrying out investigations to produce pyrolysis oils in Finland. The biomass gasification coupled to a gas engine is an interesting alternative for small scale power production parallel to existing fluid bed boiler technology. VTT has  More>>
Authors:
Sipilae, K [1] 
  1. VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Production Technologies
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-BIOENERGIA-11-Pt.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 090900; 092000; 320305; PA: FI-97:003062; EDB-97:019092; SN: 97001722290
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Bioenergy Research Programme, Yearbook 1995. Utilization of bioenergy and biomass conversion; Alakangas, E. [ed.]; PB: 222 p.; Bioenergian tutkimusohjelma, vuosikirja 1995. Bioenergian kaeyttoe ja biomassan jalostus
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; BIOMASS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; WOOD OILS; STRAW; WOOD; GASIFICATION; PYROLYSIS; SPENT LIQUORS; PAPER INDUSTRY; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS
OSTI ID:
419213
Research Organizations:
VTT Energy, Jyvaeskylae (Finland). Biofuels
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
Finnish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97722473; ISBN 952-9500-77-7; TRN: FI9703062
Availability:
OSTI as DE97722473
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. 41-44
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Sipilae, K. Biomass thermochemical conversion - overview of results; Biomassan jalostus - tutkimusalueen katsaus. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Sipilae, K. Biomass thermochemical conversion - overview of results; Biomassan jalostus - tutkimusalueen katsaus. Finland.
Sipilae, K. 1995. "Biomass thermochemical conversion - overview of results; Biomassan jalostus - tutkimusalueen katsaus." Finland.
@misc{etde_419213,
title = {Biomass thermochemical conversion - overview of results; Biomassan jalostus - tutkimusalueen katsaus}
author = {Sipilae, K}
abstractNote = {In this Bioenergy research program the thermochemical conversion activities are mainly concentrated in three fields (1) flash pyrolysis and the use of wood oil in boilers and engines (2) biomass gasification for gas engine power plants and finally (3) conversion of black liquor and extractives in a pulp mill to various liquid fuels. Parallel to activities in Finland also significant work has been done in EU-Joule and Apas projects and in the IEA Bioenergy Agreement. In the area of flash pyrolysis technology, three new laboratory and PDU-units have been installed to VTT in order to produce various qualities of bio oils from wood and straw. The quality of pyrolysis oils have been characterized by physical and chemical methods supported by EU and IEA networks. Several companies are carrying out pyrolysis activities as well: Neste Oy is testing the wood oil in a 200 kW boiler, Waertsilae Diesel Oy is testing Canadian wood oil in a 1.5 MWe diesel power plant engine and Vapo Oy is carrying out investigations to produce pyrolysis oils in Finland. The biomass gasification coupled to a gas engine is an interesting alternative for small scale power production parallel to existing fluid bed boiler technology. VTT has installed a circulating fluid bed gasifier with advanced gas cleaning system to test various technologies in order to feed the gas to an engine. In order to produce liquid fuels at a pulp mill, the laboratory work has continued using crude soap as a raw material for high pressure liquid phase treatment and atmospheric pyrolysis process. The quality of the oil is like light fuel oil or diesel fuel, possibilities to use it as a lubricant will be investigated}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}