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Pyrolysis oil production, properties, and utilization; Pyrolyysioeljyn valmistus, ominaisuudet ja kaeyttoe

Abstract

The main tasks for 1995 were: design and assembling of experimental reactors, and physical and chemical characterisation of pyrolysis oils. A PDU-unit (20 kg/h) has been designed and it will be assembled in April 1996. A 1 kg/h pyrolyzer has been constructed with a hot-filtration system (a ceramic candle filter) and direct quenching with a hydrocarbon oil. The equipment has worked well. Pine saw dust has been used as a feed and a good-quality solids-free product oil has been obtained. In addition to this, a smaller (150 g/h) pyrolyzer has been bought from Canada (University of Waterloo). The small equipment will be used for example for catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis vapours. Chemical characterisation of pyrolysis oil has been carried out 1995. Water extraction has been developed for a fractionation method. Pyrolysis oil samples produced from mixed hardwood, eucalyptus and straw have been employed. The objective of the study has been to develop a simple characterisation method for comparison of different pyrolysis oils. For example reactive compounds have been identified. Main analytical method for analysing the water-soluble fraction has been GC-MS. The research will be continued 1996. A literature review of chemical and physical characterization of pyrolysis oils has been published  More>>
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-BIOENERGIA-11-Pt.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 090900; 330800; PA: FI-97:003054; EDB-97:019102; SN: 97001722282
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Bioenergy Research Programme, Yearbook 1995. Utilization of bioenergy and biomass conversion; Alakangas, E. [ed.]; PB: 222 p.; Bioenergian tutkimusohjelma, vuosikirja 1995. Bioenergian kaeyttoe ja biomassan jalostus
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; PYROLYTIC OILS; COMBUSTION PROPERTIES; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; FRACTIONATION; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; PYROLYSIS; DIESEL ENGINES; COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES
OSTI ID:
419205
Research Organizations:
VTT Energy, Jyvaeskylae (Finland). Biofuels
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
Finnish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97722473; CNN: Project TEKES-BIOENERGIA-405; ISBN 952-9500-77-7; TRN: FI9703054
Availability:
OSTI as DE97722473
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. 189-197
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Sipilae, K, Oasmaa, A, Arpiainen, V, Kuoppala, E, Leppaemaeki, E, Solantausta, Y, and Levander, J. VTT Energia. Pyrolysis oil production, properties, and utilization; Pyrolyysioeljyn valmistus, ominaisuudet ja kaeyttoe. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Sipilae, K, Oasmaa, A, Arpiainen, V, Kuoppala, E, Leppaemaeki, E, Solantausta, Y, & Levander, J. VTT Energia. Pyrolysis oil production, properties, and utilization; Pyrolyysioeljyn valmistus, ominaisuudet ja kaeyttoe. Finland.
Sipilae, K, Oasmaa, A, Arpiainen, V, Kuoppala, E, Leppaemaeki, E, Solantausta, Y, and Levander, J. VTT Energia. 1995. "Pyrolysis oil production, properties, and utilization; Pyrolyysioeljyn valmistus, ominaisuudet ja kaeyttoe." Finland.
@misc{etde_419205,
title = {Pyrolysis oil production, properties, and utilization; Pyrolyysioeljyn valmistus, ominaisuudet ja kaeyttoe}
author = {Sipilae, K, Oasmaa, A, Arpiainen, V, Kuoppala, E, Leppaemaeki, E, Solantausta, Y, and Levander, J. VTT Energia}
abstractNote = {The main tasks for 1995 were: design and assembling of experimental reactors, and physical and chemical characterisation of pyrolysis oils. A PDU-unit (20 kg/h) has been designed and it will be assembled in April 1996. A 1 kg/h pyrolyzer has been constructed with a hot-filtration system (a ceramic candle filter) and direct quenching with a hydrocarbon oil. The equipment has worked well. Pine saw dust has been used as a feed and a good-quality solids-free product oil has been obtained. In addition to this, a smaller (150 g/h) pyrolyzer has been bought from Canada (University of Waterloo). The small equipment will be used for example for catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis vapours. Chemical characterisation of pyrolysis oil has been carried out 1995. Water extraction has been developed for a fractionation method. Pyrolysis oil samples produced from mixed hardwood, eucalyptus and straw have been employed. The objective of the study has been to develop a simple characterisation method for comparison of different pyrolysis oils. For example reactive compounds have been identified. Main analytical method for analysing the water-soluble fraction has been GC-MS. The research will be continued 1996. A literature review of chemical and physical characterization of pyrolysis oils has been published 1995. Testing of fuel oil analyses has been continued within the IEA pyrolysis project. VTT Energy is responsible for fuel oil analytical methods}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}