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Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings

Abstract

The objective of this report is to provide exposure-response functions for health effects and air pollution, which can be used in cost-effectiveness analyses of abatement measures. When cost-effective abatement strategies for air pollution are analyzed, and when air quality standards are set, it is important to have quantitative knowledge about health damage. In spite of their shortcomings, epidemiological studies provide a sound basis for exposure-response functions because they involve a random cross section of the population. In this report the exposure-response functions apply to the relation between air pollutant concentrations and relative effect frequencies, and involve the following health effect end-points: acute and chronic respiratory symptoms in children and adults, asthma episodes in children and adults, eye irritations, headache, lung damage in children, excess mortality, lung cancer incidence. The effects are attributed to one indicator component, which in many cases is particles, but for some effects NO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, or CO. A calculation procedure is suggested which makes it possible to estimate excess annual symptom-days for short-term effects using the annual average concentration. 103 refs., 1 table
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CICERO-1995/8
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; PA: NW-96:005552; EDB-97:013630; SN: 97001722323
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Oct 1995
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; PUBLIC HEALTH; EPIDEMIOLOGY; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; AIR POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; HUMAN POPULATIONS; MORTALITY
OSTI ID:
418257
Research Organizations:
Norsk Inst. for Luftforskning, Kjeller (Norway)
Country of Origin:
Norway
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97722497; TRN: NO9605552
Availability:
OSTI as DE97722497
Submitting Site:
NW
Size:
44 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Aunan, K. Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings. Norway: N. p., 1995. Web.
Aunan, K. Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings. Norway.
Aunan, K. 1995. "Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings." Norway.
@misc{etde_418257,
title = {Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings}
author = {Aunan, K}
abstractNote = {The objective of this report is to provide exposure-response functions for health effects and air pollution, which can be used in cost-effectiveness analyses of abatement measures. When cost-effective abatement strategies for air pollution are analyzed, and when air quality standards are set, it is important to have quantitative knowledge about health damage. In spite of their shortcomings, epidemiological studies provide a sound basis for exposure-response functions because they involve a random cross section of the population. In this report the exposure-response functions apply to the relation between air pollutant concentrations and relative effect frequencies, and involve the following health effect end-points: acute and chronic respiratory symptoms in children and adults, asthma episodes in children and adults, eye irritations, headache, lung damage in children, excess mortality, lung cancer incidence. The effects are attributed to one indicator component, which in many cases is particles, but for some effects NO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, or CO. A calculation procedure is suggested which makes it possible to estimate excess annual symptom-days for short-term effects using the annual average concentration. 103 refs., 1 table}
place = {Norway}
year = {1995}
month = {Oct}
}