You need JavaScript to view this

Smoke production in fires

Abstract

Characterization of smoke, factors influencing smoke production and experimental methods for measuring smoke production are discussed in this literature review. Recent test-based correlation models are also discussed. Despite the large number of laboratories using different fire testing methods, published smoke data have been scarce. Most technical literature on smoke production from building materials is about experimental results in small scale tests. Compilations from cone calorimeter tests have been published for a few materials, e.g. upholstered furniture materials and some building products. Mass optical density data and compilations of gravimetric soot data are available for various materials as well as a number of smoke obscuration values. For a given material often a wide range of values of smoke output can be found in the literature and care should be exercised in applying the appropriate value in each case. In laboratory experiments, the production of smoke and its optical properties are often measured simultaneously with other fire properties as heat release and flame spread. The measurements are usually dynamic in full scale, i.e. they are performed in a flow-through system. In small scale they may be either dynamic, as in the cone calorimeter, or static, i.e. the smoke is accumulated in a  More>>
Authors:
Sarvaranta, L; Kokkala, M [1] 
  1. VTT Building Technology, Espoo (Finland). Building Physics, Building Services and Fire Technology
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-TIED-1708
Reference Number:
SCA: 320107; 360606; PA: FI-96:003842; EDB-96:165423; NTS-97:004532; SN: 96001691655
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1995
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; SMOKES; FIRES; BUILDING MATERIALS; BUILDINGS; FIRE RESISTANCE; TESTING; AEROSOLS; CORRELATIONS
OSTI ID:
394374
Research Organizations:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97711474; ISBN 951-38-4863-9; TRN: FI9603842
Availability:
OSTI as DE97711474
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
35 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Sarvaranta, L, and Kokkala, M. Smoke production in fires. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Sarvaranta, L, & Kokkala, M. Smoke production in fires. Finland.
Sarvaranta, L, and Kokkala, M. 1995. "Smoke production in fires." Finland.
@misc{etde_394374,
title = {Smoke production in fires}
author = {Sarvaranta, L, and Kokkala, M}
abstractNote = {Characterization of smoke, factors influencing smoke production and experimental methods for measuring smoke production are discussed in this literature review. Recent test-based correlation models are also discussed. Despite the large number of laboratories using different fire testing methods, published smoke data have been scarce. Most technical literature on smoke production from building materials is about experimental results in small scale tests. Compilations from cone calorimeter tests have been published for a few materials, e.g. upholstered furniture materials and some building products. Mass optical density data and compilations of gravimetric soot data are available for various materials as well as a number of smoke obscuration values. For a given material often a wide range of values of smoke output can be found in the literature and care should be exercised in applying the appropriate value in each case. In laboratory experiments, the production of smoke and its optical properties are often measured simultaneously with other fire properties as heat release and flame spread. The measurements are usually dynamic in full scale, i.e. they are performed in a flow-through system. In small scale they may be either dynamic, as in the cone calorimeter, or static, i.e. the smoke is accumulated in a closed box. Small-scale tests are necessary as practical tools. Full-scale tests are generally considered to be more reliable and are needed to validitate the small-scale tests}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}